Advertisement

African Archaeological Review

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 103–138 | Cite as

Lithic reduction sequences as an aid to the analysis of Late Stone Age quartz assemblages from the Luano Spring, Chingola, Zambia

  • Michael S. Bisson
Article

Abstract

This paper describes Late Stone Age assemblages of quartz tools and debitage from sites near Luano Hot Spring, Chingola, Zambia. Formal tools at the Luano rock shelter site suggest a ‘Nachikufan II’ to ‘Nachikufan III’ sequence according to the traditional terminology. However, analysis of the debitage demonstrates that all levels of the site represent a single Late Stone Age technological tradition. Differences in formal tool frequencies at this site are better explained as activity facies. The implications of these results for our understanding of local Late Stone Age-Iron Age contacts are discussed.

Keywords

Technological Tradition Reduction Sequence Formal Tool Shelter Site Rock Shelter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

Cet article décrit des ensemblages d'outils et d'éclats de débitage sur quartz de l'Age de la Pierre Récent provenant de sites proches des sources thermales de Luano, près de Chingola, en Zambie. Les outils de l'abri sous roche de Luano suggèrent une séquence allant du ‘Nachikufien II’ au ‘Nachikufien III’ selon la terminologie traditionnelle, cependant l'analyse du débitage montre que toutes les couches du gisement correspondent à une seule tradition technologique de l'Age de la Pierre Récent. Dans ce gisement, les différences de fréquences des types d'outils s'expliqueraient par des facies résultant d'activités différentes. Les implications de ces résultats pour l'etude locale des contacts entre l'Age de la Pierre Récent et l'Age du fer sont discutées ici.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bisson, M. S. 1987. The radiocarbon chronology of Luano, Zambia.N.A. 28:49–51.Google Scholar
  2. Bisson, M. S. 1989. Continuity and discontinuity in Copperbelt and Northwesten Province ceramic sequences.N.A. 31:43–6.Google Scholar
  3. Bisson, M. S. n. d.The Prehistory of the Luano Stream Drainage, Chingola, Zambia. unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  4. Bradley, B. A. 1975. Lithic reduction sequences: a glossary and discussion. InLithic Technology: makind and using stone tools (ed. E. Swanson): pp. 5–14. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, J. D. 1950. The newly discovered Nachikufu Culture of Northern Rhodesia and the possible origin of certain elements of the South African Smithfield Culture.S.A.A.B. 5:86–98.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, J. D. 1974.Kalambo Falls Prehistoric Site, Vol. II Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Collins, M. B. 1975. Lithic technology as a means of processual inference. InLithic Technology: making and using stone tools (ed. E. Swanson): pp. 15–34. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
  8. Deacon, J. 1984. Later Stone Age people and their descendants in southern Africa. InSouthern African Prehistory and Paleoenvironments (ed. R. G. Klein): pp. 221–328. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  9. Fagan, B. M. and Van Noten, F. 1971.The Hunter-Gatherers of Gwisho. Tervuren: Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.Google Scholar
  10. Keeley, L. H. 1980.Experimental Determination of Stone Tool Uses. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  11. Keeley, L. H. and Toth, N. 1981. Microwear polishes on early stone tools from Koobi Fora, Kenya.Nature. 293:464–5.Google Scholar
  12. Levi Sala, I. 1986. Use wear and postdepositional surface modification: a word of caution.Journal of Archaeological Science. 13:229–44.Google Scholar
  13. Miller, S. F. 1969. The Nachikufu indisteries of the Later Stone Age in Zambia. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  14. Musonda, F. B. 1985.Aspects of the Prehistory of the Lunsemfwa Drainage Basin, Zambia, during the last 20,000 years. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  15. Musonda, F. B. 1987. The significance of pottery in Zambian Later Stone Age contexts.A.A.R. 5:147–58Google Scholar
  16. Phillipson, D. W. 1969. The prehistoric sequence at Nakapapula rockshelter, Zambia.P.P.S. 35:172–202.Google Scholar
  17. Phillipson, D. W. 1972. Early Iron Age sites on the Zambian Copperbelt.Azania 7:93–128.Google Scholar
  18. Phillipson, D. W. 1976.The Prehistory of Eastern Zambia, Nairobi: British Institute in Eastern Africa.Google Scholar
  19. Phillipson, D. W. 1977.The Later Prehistory of Eastern and Southern Africa. New York: Africana.Google Scholar
  20. Phillipson, L. and Phillipson, D. W. 1970. Patterns of edge damage on the late Stone-Age industry from Chiwemupula, Zambia.Zambia Museums Journal 1:40–75.Google Scholar
  21. Sampson, C. G. 1965. A preliminary report on the Luano spring deposits, Northern Rhodesia.S.A.A.B. 20:29–33.Google Scholar
  22. Sampson, C. G. 1974.The Stone Age ARchaeology of Southern Africa. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  23. Sampson, C. G. and Southard, M. D. 1973. Variability and change in the Nachikufan Industry of Zambia.S.A.A.B. 28:78–89.Google Scholar
  24. Siiriainen, A. 1975. Quartz, chert and osbidian - a comparison of raw materials in a Late Stone Age aggregate in Kenya. Manuscript cited in N. Broadbent 1979Coastal Resources and Settlement Stability. p. 50. Uppsala: Uppsala University Institute of North European Archaeology.Google Scholar
  25. Van Noten, F. 1982.The Archaeology of Central Africa. Graz: Akademische Druch - und Verlagsantalt.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Cambridge University Press 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael S. Bisson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations