African Archaeological Review

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 155–182 | Cite as

Ceramics, settlements and Late Iron Age migrations

  • Thomas N. Huffman


The Late Iron Age Luangwa pottery tradition represents some ‘matrilineal’ Western Bantu speakers, with an origin in a Forest Neolithic, who moved into parts of Central Africa previously occupied by ‘patrilineal’ Eastern Bantu speakers, represented by the Chifumbaze Complex. Eastern Bantu speaking Nguni and Sotho-Tswana probably had their Early Iron Age origins in a Urewe facies in southern Tanzania, and their movement into South Africa appears to have been connected with the Late Iron Age spread of the Luangwa tradition.


Iron Cultural Study Late Iron Bantu Speaker Pottery Tradition 
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La tradition céramique Luangwa de l'âge du fer récent est la manifestation archéologique des gens ‘matrilinéaires’ qui parlaient des langues Bantu occidentales. Ces gens, originaires d'une Néolithique des forêts, pénétraient des régions de l'Afrique central dominées jusqu'ici par des gens ‘patrilinéaires’, qui parlaient des langues Bantu orientales et qui sont représentés archéologiquement par le complexe Chifumbaze. Les origines des gens Nguni et Sotho-Tswana, qui parlent des langues Bantu orientales, sont vraisemblablement à chercher à l'âge du fer ancien dans un faciès Urewe du sud tanzanien. L'immigration de ces gens dans l'Afrique du Sud semble avoir été liée à la diffusion de la tradition Luangwa.


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© Cambridge University Press 1989

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