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Fire resistance of wood structures

Abstract

Wood as a building material has the disadvantage of being combustible. Consequently wood structures are seen by many as creating an environment less safe than structures built of noncombustible materials such as steel and masonry. However, experience has shown that some wooden structures have a fire resistance comparable, or greater than that of many noncombustible alternatives. Some statistical figures are given comparing wood with other materials. The fire course and the burning mechanisms of wood are briefly discussed, as is the fire resistance of wood structures from different perspectives. Reference is also made to present research work.

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Reference: Kai Odeen, “Fire Resistance of Wood Structures,”Fire Technology, Vol. 21, No. 1, February 1985, p. 34.

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Odeen, K. Fire resistance of wood structures. Fire Technol 21, 34–40 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01095562

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Key words

  • Firesafety
  • charcoal layer
  • thermal conductivity
  • pyrolysis
  • oxygen diffusivity
  • exothermic oxidation
  • combustible gases
  • load bearing
  • flexural failure
  • insulation
  • joints