Skip to main content

Atriplex hortensis L. as a leafy vegetable, and as a leaf protein concentrate plant

Abstract

The quality ofAtriplex hortensis L. (Mountain Spinach) as a leafy vegetable, forage crop, and plant for production of leaf protein/nutrient concentrate was investigated. The plant can substitute or supplementSpinacia oleracea L. as a leafy vegetable, due to similar chemical composition and a higher leaf yield. The whole plant, as a meal, is similar toMedicago sativa L. in chemical composition. It could be suitable for cultivation in dry areas. By wet-fractionation of the plant a leaf protein concentrate can be obtained. The concentrate is well composed, and should lack anti-nutritive substances present in the whole plant.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Bickoff EM, Booth AN, de Fremery D, Edwards RH, Knuckles BE, Miller RE, Saunders RM, Kohler GO (1975) Nutritional evaluation of alfalfa leaf protein concentrate. In: Friedman M (ed) Protein nutrition quality of foods and feeds New York: Marcel Dekker, 1:2, 319–340

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Carlsson R (1975) Selection of Centrospermae and other species for production of leaf protein concentrate. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden, LUNDBS (NBFB 1004) (1–8)

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Carlsson R (1980) Quantity and quality of leaf protein concentrates fromAtriplex hortensis L.,Chenopodium quinoa Willd., and Amaranthus caudatus L., grown in southern Sweden. Acta Agric Scand 30, 418–426

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Carlsson R (1982) Plant sources from temperate regions. In: Telek L, Graham HD (eds) Leaf protein. Westport, Connecticut 06881, USA: AVI Technical Books Inc. (In press)

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Carlsson R, Clarke EMW, Woodham AA (1975) The effects of plant physiological stages on the nutritive value of leaf protein concentrates. Unpublished report for The Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, Great Britain

  6. 6.

    Carlsson R, Gumbman MR, Kohler GO (1978) Quality of leaf protein concentrates and fibre residues from various species grown in a hot, temperate climate. Unpublished report for Western Regional Research Center, USDA, Berkeley, California, USA

  7. 7.

    Carlsson R, Hallqvist CW (1981)Atriplex hortensis L. — Revival of a spinach plant. Acta Agric Scand 31, 229–234

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Cheeke PR, Carlsson R (1981) Evaluation of several crops as sources of leaf meal: Composition, effect of drying procedure, and rat growth response. Nutr Rep Int 18, 465–473

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Davies AM (1979) Forage quality of prostrate Kochia compared with three browse species. Agron J 71, 822–824

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Ellern SJ, Samish YB, Lachover B (1974) Salt and oxalic acid content of leaves of the saltbushAtriplex halimus in the northern Negev. J Range Management 27, 267–271

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    FAO/WHO (1973) Protein requirements. FAO nutrition meeting report series No 52, Rome, Italy

  12. 12.

    Martin C (1978) Report on leaf Protein Feeding Trials at Coimbatore, southern India, 1975–1977. Find Your Feet Ltd. 13–15 Frognal, London NW3, Great Britain

  13. 13.

    Miller DS, Bender AE (1955) The determination of the net protein utilization of protein by a shortened method. Br J Nutr 9, 382–388

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Ostrowski HT, Carlsson R, Trägårdh C (1978) Isolation and purification of proteins from green vegetation for direct human consumption. In: Linko P, Mälkii Y, Olkku J, Larinkari G (eds) Food Process Engineering, Vol. 1. Food processing systems. London: Applied Science Publishers Ltd, 864–870

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Pierpoint WS (1970) Formation and behaviour of ortoquinones in some processes of agricultural importance. Rothamsted Exp Stn Rep Part 2, 199–218

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Pommeranz Y (1975) Protein and amino acids of barley, oats and buckwheat. In: Friedman M (ed) Protein nutrion quality of foods and feeds. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1:2, 13–78

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Rama Rao PB, Norton LW, Johnson BC (1964) The amino acid composition and nutritive value of proteins. V. Amino acid requirement patter for protein evaluation. J Nutr 82, 88–92

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Woodham AA, Arkcoll D, Karmali RA, Clarke EMW (1974) The effect of processing conditions on the nutritive value of protein concentrates prepared from green leaves. Proc 4 Int Congr Food Sci Technol, Madrid, Spain (Sept 1974; printed 1978)

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Carlsson, R., Clarke, E.M.W. Atriplex hortensis L. as a leafy vegetable, and as a leaf protein concentrate plant. Plant Food Hum Nutr 33, 127–133 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01091298

Download citation

Key words

  • leafy vegetable
  • forage
  • leaf protein concentrate
  • anti-nutritive secondary substances
  • in vivo test