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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 333–339 | Cite as

Comparative nutritive value of winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L) DC) and other legumes grown in Tanzania

  • B. V. Mnembuka
  • B. O. Eggum
Article

Abstract

Chemical analyses and feeding experiments using rats were conducted to evaluate the nutritive value of winged bean and other legumes (soyabean, green gram, bambarra nuts, pigeon peas, field beans, cow peas) sources grown in Tanzania. Proximate analyses showed that the composition of winged bean was similar to soyabean, while the composition of the other legumes differed considerably. This was also the case for antinutritional constituents and minerals. As to the amino acid composition, the lysine level was high with the highest value in winged bean (7.5 g/16 g N). However, the concentration of methionine and cystine was low which limits their protein quality. Another important amino acid, threonine, was generally high, especially in winged bean (4.3 g/16 g N). With exception of field bean, true protein digestibility was above 80%, soyabean having the highest value (90.7%). The biological value was also highest in soyabean (76.1%) followed by winged bean (69.9%). Utilizable protein was high in soyabean (28.8%) and somewhat lower in winged bean (23.4%). Energy digestibility was around 80%, soyabean having the highest value of 85.8%. The study findings support the idea that winged bean is a good alternative plant protein source in Tanzania.

Key words

Digestibility Nutritive value Plant proteins Winged bean 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. V. Mnembuka
    • 1
  • B. O. Eggum
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Animal Science and ProductionSokoine University of AgricultureMorogoroTanzania
  2. 2.National Institute of Animal Science Animal Physiology and Biochemistry FoulumTjeleDenmark

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