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Physical and biochemical properties of green banana flour

Abstract

Banana flour prepared from two cooking banana varieties, namely ‘Alukehel’ and ‘Monthan’, were evaluated for their physical and biochemical characteristics. The yields of flour averaged 31.3% for ‘Alukehel’ and 25.5% for ‘Monthan’. The pH of the flour ranged from 5.4 to 5.7. The bulk density and particle size distribution were also measured. The average chemical composition (% dry matter) of the flours were as follows: crude protein, 3.2; crude fat, 1.3; ash, 3.7; neutral detergent fiber, 8.9; acid detergent fiber, 3.8; cellulose, 3.1; lignin, 1.0 and hemicellulose, 5.0. Carbohydrate composition indicated the flour to contain 2.8% soluble sugars, 70.0% starch and 12.0% non-starch polysaccharides. Potassium is the predominant mineral in banana flour. Fresh green banana is a good source of vitamin C, but almost 65% is lost during the preparation of flour. Oxalate content (1.1–1.6%) of banana flour is probably nutritionally insignificant. The overall results are suggestive of the potential of green bananas as a source of flour.

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Suntharalingam, S., Ravindran, G. Physical and biochemical properties of green banana flour. Plant Food Hum Nutr 43, 19–27 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01088092

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01088092

Key words

  • Green banana flour
  • physical properties
  • chemical composition