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Problems associated with the clinical use of radiopharmaceuticals: a proposed classification system and troubleshooting guide


Problems associated with the clinical use of radiopharmaceuticals can usually be classified into one of four categories: unusual imaging results, adverse reactions, unique difficulties encountered in special patient populations, and quality assurance failures. Each of these problem areas is briefly described and a guide for troubleshooting such problems is presented.

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Correspondence to Wiliam B. Hladik III.

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Hladik, W.B., Norenberg, J.P. Problems associated with the clinical use of radiopharmaceuticals: a proposed classification system and troubleshooting guide. Eur J Nucl Med 23, 997–1002 (1996).

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Key words

  • Problems
  • Clinical use
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Troubleshooting