, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 121–128 | Cite as


Are cooperative phenomena governed by universal principles?
  • H. Haken


Synergetics is concerned with the cooperation of individual parts of a system that produces macroscopic spatial, temporal, or functional structures. The following article deals with an aspect of synergetics of particular interest: Are there general principles that govern the self-organized production of macroscopic structures irrespective of the nature of the individual parts?


General Principle Functional Structure Individual Part Macroscopic Structure Article Deal 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Haken
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für theoretische Physik der UniversitätStuttgart

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