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Near-death experiences in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation


The purposes of this two-phase descriptive study were to document the frequency of near-death experiences (NDEs) in a nonprobability convenience sample of patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), to describe the types of NDE experienced most commonly during CPR, and to describe patients' views of helpful nursing responses to reports of NDEs. In Phase I a nurse read to subjects Greyson's (1983a) NDE scale. In Phase II, we used an open-ended interview designed to elicit patients' perception of helpful nursing responses to NDE reports. Results have implications for broadening the groups of persons offering patients an opportunity to discuss NDEs after CPR.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Susan Boykoff Schoenbeck R.N., M.S.N., C.N.S..

Additional information

This research was conducted with the support of the Veterans Administration and Beta Eta Chapter of Sigma Theta Tau, International Honor Society of Nursing. Special acknowledgement is given to Kathryn Brown, R.N., B.S.N., for data collection.

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Schoenbeck, S.B., Hocutt, G.D. Near-death experiences in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation. J Near-Death Stud 9, 211–218 (1991).

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  • Convenience Sample
  • Descriptive Study
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Nursing Response
  • Nonprobability Convenience