Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 501–520 | Cite as

The given-new strategy of comprehension and some natural expository paragraphs

  • William J. Vande Kopple


Three experiments tested whether Clark and Haviland's given-new strategy operates in the processing and retention of natural expository paragraphs read as wholes. The first indicated that a paragraph that facilitates the given-new strategy is easier to process than a paragraph that has the same truth value but that frustrates the given-new strategy. The second indicated that a facilitating paragraph has advantages in memory over its variant. And the third both largely confirmed the findings of the second test and suggested that subjects add new information to the memory node holding the given information. Therefore, these experiments extend the tested applicability of the given-new strategy to the readability and retention of some natural expository paragraphs.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Vande Kopple
    • 1
  1. 1.Calvin CollegeGrand Rapids

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