Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Abstract

Examined hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) function in 30 children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by measuring the diurnal variation and response to the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) of saliva cortisol. Normal diurnal saliva cortisol rhythm was found in only 43.3% of the ADHD children. DST showed suppression in 46.7% of the ADHD children. An abnormal diurnal rhythm and nonsuppression to the DST were more frequent in the severely hyperactive group than in the mildly hyperactive group of children with ADHD. These results suggest abnormalities in HPA axis function in some children with ADHD, especially those exhibiting severe hyperactivity.

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Correspondence to Motohisa Kaneko.

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Kaneko, M., Hoshino, Y., Hashimoto, S. et al. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Autism Dev Disord 23, 59–65 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01066418

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Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Dexamethasone
  • Diurnal Variation
  • Suppression Test
  • Diurnal Rhythm