Victims and offenders of criminal violence

Abstract

In order to test the hypothesis that victims and offenders of criminal violence are linked by means of the same life-style, a representative sample of 172 sentenced offenders and their victims was analyzed. It could be demonstrated that the pairs were systematically asymmetric: the offenders were younger, more often males, less wealthy, and more socially deviant than their victims, in spite of the fact that the victims were not representative for a normal population with regard to social deviance. The results of the study are more compatible with the supposition that violence can arise when certain situations are misinterpreted by the offender than with the proposal that violence is a result of similar life-styles in special segments of the population.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Gottfredson, M. (1984).Victims of Crime. The Dimensions of Risk, Home Office Research Study No. 81, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Hindelang, M., Gottfredson, M., and Garofalo, J. (1978).Victims of Personal Crime: An Empirical Foundation for a Theory of Personal Victimization, Ballinger, Cambridge, Mass.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Institutet för Social Forskning (1984).Variabler och koder för LNU81, Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Kühlhorn. E., Andersson, J., Knutsson, J., Olsson, O., and Reiniusson, M. (1984).Den svenska våldsbrottsligheten, Brottsförebyggande Rådet, Rapport 1984: 1, Stockholm.

  5. Pernanen, K. (1987).Alcohol in Human Anger and Aggression, Guilford Press, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Somander, L. (1979).Dödsfall till följd av våldsbrott i Sverige 1976. Kvinnor i brottssituationen, Universitetet i Linköping.

  7. Statens offentliga utredningar (1968).Bot eller Böter. Del 2;Fylleriet i statistisk och sociologisk belysning, Justitiedepartementet, Stockholm, Vol. 56.

  8. Torstensson, M. (1987).Drug Abusers in a Metropolitan Cohort, Project Metropolitan, Research Report 25, Department of Sociology, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Vogel, J., Andersson, L.-G., Davidsson, U., and Häll, L. (1988).Inequality in Sweden. Trends and Current Situation, Report No. 58, SCB, Statistics Sweden, Stockholm.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Wikström, P.-O. (1985).Everyday Violence in Contemporary Sweden. Situational and Ecological Aspects, Report No. 15, National Council for Crime Prevention Sweden, Allmänna förlaget, Stockholm.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Wikström, P.-O. (1987).Patterns of Crime in a Birth Cohort. Age, Sex and Social Class Differences, Project Metropolitan, Research Report 24, Department of Sociology, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kühlhorn, E. Victims and offenders of criminal violence. J Quant Criminol 6, 51–59 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01065289

Download citation

Key words

  • violent crimes
  • victim-offender relationships