Skip to main content

Why collaborate?


Clearly, researchers collaborate for a variety of intellectual and social reasons: to get help, to combine expertise, to gain credibility, or to create a community. No one model will hold for all cases. Similarly, no one simplistic set of rules to guide scientific conduct and guarantee scientific integrity will suffice either. Instead, those prescribing professional behavior must recognize the various types and levels of collaboration, the reasons for the collaboration, and the implications of each case.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Maienschein, J. Why collaborate?. J Hist Biol 26, 167–183 (1993).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Professional Behavior
  • Social Reason
  • Scientific Conduct