Hexachlorobenzene uptake by Fathead minnows and macroinvertebrates in recirculating sediment/water systems

  • Gerald S. Schuytema
  • Daniel F. Krawczyk
  • William L. Griffis
  • Alan V. Nebeker
  • Merline L. Robideaux


Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas), the worm,Lumbriculus variegatus, and the amphipodsHyalella azteca andGammarus lacustris were exposed to hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in water with and without a bed of HCB-spiked sediment. Water HCB concentrations were maintained by recirculation through HCB-packed columns. Recirculating HCB-bound particulates and possibly eroded HCB particulates were an added source of HCB in addition to the sediment bed. Significant bioaccumulation of HCB in animal tissues was observed in water-only and water-sediment exposures. The presence of the HCB-spiked sediment did not result in a significant increase in the uptake of HCB by the organisms, but there was a substantial increase in sediment HCB levels over time. Higher tissue HCB levels in aquaria without sediment suggest that the sediment was a more efficient sink for HCB than the organisms.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald S. Schuytema
    • 1
  • Daniel F. Krawczyk
    • 1
  • William L. Griffis
    • 1
  • Alan V. Nebeker
    • 1
  • Merline L. Robideaux
    • 1
  1. 1.Corvallis Environmental Research LaboratoryU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyCorvallisUSA

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