Germplasm with shorter duration than that of the currently grown varieties is being generated to maximize productivity of irrigated rice. However, short-duration varieties often produce yields lower than the medium- and long-duration varieties. Experiments were conducted during the 1980–82 dry and wet seasons to increase productivity through the use of very early-maturing rices and the improved management of nitrogen (N) fertilizers.
Results over three years showed that IR58 and IR9729-67-3 (growth duration 100 ± 5 days) yield as well as or higher than IR36 although earlier maturing. They generally had a higher productivity (kg ha−1 day−1) than IR36 (110 ± 5 days).
Three years' data suggest that the improved timing of broadcast applications of urea in split doses increased grain yield comparable with the basal incorporation of slow-release sulfur-coated urea (SCU) or deep point-placement of urea supergranules (USG).
Results on elite breeding lines showed that the early-maturing IR9729-67-3 produced higher protein yield ha−1 than longer duration varieties such as IR8 and IR42 in the dry season. Furthermore, contrary to earlier results, single basal incorporation of slow-release SCU increased the protein yield of rice by 53 kg ha−1 and deep point-placement of USG by 43 kg ha−1 over split application of prilled urea.
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Calabio, J., De Datta, S. Increasing productivity and protein content using early-maturing rices and efficient nitrogen management. Fertilizer Research 6, 73–84 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01058166
- protein content
- protein yield
- early-maturing rice
- deep point-placement
- lodging resistance