Skip to main content
Log in

Sex pheromone of fall armyworm,Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)

Identification of components critical to attraction in the field

  • Published:
Journal of Chemical Ecology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Analyses of extracts of pheromone glands and of volatiles from calling female fall armyworm moths,Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith), revealed the presence of the following compounds: dodecan-1-ol acetate, (Z)-7-dodecen-1-ol acetate, 11-dodecen-1-ol acetate, (Z)-9-tetradecenal, (Z)-9-tetradecen-1-ol acetate, (Z)-11-hexadecenal, and (Z)-11-hexadecen-1-ol acetate. The volatiles emitted by calling females differed from the gland extract in that the two aldehydes were absent. Field tests were conducted with sticky traps baited with rubber septa formulated to release blends with the same component ratios as those emitted by calling females. These tests demonstrated that both (Z)-7-dodecen-1-ol acetate and (Z)-9-tetradecen-1-ol acetate are required for optimum activity and that this blend is a significantly better lure than either virgin females or 25 mg of (Z)-9-dodecen-1-ol acetate in a polyethylene vial, the previously used standard. Addition of the other three acetates found in the volatiles did not significantly increase the effectiveness of the two-component blend as a bait for Pherocon 1C or International Pheromones moth traps.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Andrews, K.L. 1980. The whorlworm,Spodoptera frugiperda, in Central America and neighboring areas.Fla. Entomol. 63:456–467.

    Google Scholar 

  • Burton, R.L. 1969. Mass rearing the corn earworm in the laboratory. U.S. Dep. Agric. Tech. Bull. ARS-33-134, 8 pp.

  • Cross, J.H. 1980. A vapor collection and thermal desorption method to measure semiochemical release rates from controlled release formulations.J. Chem. Ecol. 6:781–787.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cross, J.H., Byler, R.C., Cassidy, R.F., Silverstein, R.M., Greenblatt, R.E., Burkholder, W.E., Levinson, A.R., andLevinson, H.Z. 1976. Porapak-Q collection of pheromone components and isolation of (Z)- and (E)-14-methyl-8-hexadecenal, sex pheromone components from the females of four species ofTrogoderma (Coleoptera: Dermestidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 2:457–468.

    Google Scholar 

  • Duncan, J.H. 1955. Multiple-range and multiple-F tests. Biometrics 11:1–42.

    Google Scholar 

  • Grob, K., andZürcher, F. 1976. Stripping of trace organic substances from water. Equipment and procedures.J. Chromatogr. 117:285–294.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heath, R.R., andDoolittle, R.E. 1983. Derivatives of cholesteryl cinnamate: A comparison of the separations of geometrical isomers when used as gas chromatographic stationary phases.J. HRC CC 6:16–19.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heath, R.R., andTumlinson, J.H. 1986. Correlation of retention times on a liquid crystal capillary column with reported vapor pressures and half-lives of compounds used in pheromone formulations.J. Chem. Ecol. 12:2081–2088.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heath, R.R., Tumlinson, J.H., Doolittle, R.E., andDuncan, J.H. 1977. Analytical and preparative separation of geometrical isomers by high efficiency silver nitrate liquid chromatography.J. Chromatogr. Sci. 15:10–13.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heath, R.R., Jordan, J.R., Sonnet, P.E., andTumlinson, J.H. 1979. Potential for the separation of insect pheromones by gas chromatography on columns coated with cholesteryl cinnamate, a liquid-crystal phase.J. HRC CC 2:712–714.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heath, R.R., Burnsed, G.E., Tumlinson, J.H., andDoolittle, R.E. 1980. Separation of a series of positional and geometrical isomers of olefinic aliphatic primary alcohols and acetates by capillary gas chromatography.J. Chromatogr., 189:199–208.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heath, R.R., Teal, P.E.A., Tumlinson, J.H., andMengelkoch, L.J. 1986. Prediction of release of multicomponent pheromone blends from rubber septa: A first approximation using relative vapor pressure calculated from retention indices on a liquid crystal column.J. Chem. Ecol. 12:2133–2143.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hill, A.S., Cardé, R., Kido, A., andRoelofs, W.L. 1975. Sex pheromone of the orange tortrix mothArgyrotaemia citrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 1:215–224.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jones, R.L., andSparks, A.N. 1979. (Z)-9-Tetradecen-1-ol acetate: A secondary sex pheromone of the fall armyworm,Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith).J. Chem. Ecol. 5:721–725.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitchell, E.R. 1978. Monitoring adult populations of the fall armyworm.Fla. Entomol. 62:91–98.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitchell, E.R., andDoolittle, R.E. 1976. Sex pheromones ofSpodoptera exigua, S. eridania, andS. frugiperda: Bioassay for field activity.J. Econ. Entomol. 69:324–326.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitchell, E.R., andMcLaughlin, J.R. 1982. Suppression of mating and oviposition by fall armyworm and mating by corn earworm in corn, using the air permeation technique.J. Econ. Entomol. 75:270–273.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitchell, E.R., Sugie, H., andTumlinson, J.H. 1983. Rubber septa as a dispenser for the fall armyworm sex attractant.J. Environ. Sci. Health A18:463–470.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitchell, E.R., Tumlinson, J.H., andMcNeil, J.N. 1985. Field evaluation of commercial pheromone formulations and traps using a more effective sex pheromone blend for the fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).J. Econ. Entomol. 78:1364–1369.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sekul, A.A., andSparks, A.N. 1967. Sex pheromone of the fall armyworm moth: Isolation, identification, and synthesis.J. Econ. Entomol. 60:1270–1272.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sekul, A.A., andSparks, A.N. 1976. Sex attractant of the fall armyworm moth. USDA Tech. Bull. 1542, 6 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sparks, A.N. 1980. Pheromones: Potential for use in monitoring and managing populations of the fall armyworm.Fla. Entomol. 63:406–410.

    Google Scholar 

  • Steel, R.G.D., andTorrie, J.H. 1960. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw-Hill, New York, 481 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tumlinson, J.H.,Heath, R.R., andTeal, P.E.A. 1982. Analysis of chemical communications systems of Lepidoptera, pp. 1–25,in B.A. Leonhardt and M. Beroza (eds.). Insect Pheromone Technology: Chemistry and Applications. American Chemical Society Symposium Series, No. 190.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Mention of a commercial or proprietary product does not constitute an endorsement by the USDA.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tumlinson, J.H., Mitchell, E.R., Teal, P.E.A. et al. Sex pheromone of fall armyworm,Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith). J Chem Ecol 12, 1909–1926 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01041855

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01041855

Key words

Navigation