Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics

, Volume 47, Issue 2–4, pp 165–175 | Cite as

Linear retrieval and global measurement of precipitable water from the SEASAT SMMR data

  • P. C. Pandey
Article

Summary

The Seasat Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) measurements in the 18.0, 21.0 and 37.0 GHz channels, both horizontal and vertical polarizations, are primarily used for precipitable water, cloud liquid water content and rainfall rate determination. Linear regressions using a leaps and bounds procedure are used for the retrieval of precipitable water. The radiation simulated for all the ten SMMR channels with varied global environmental parameters were used for subset selection for water vapour retrieval. Only subsets with channels having uniform grid size (18, 21 and 37 GHz) were used for the analysis. A total of eight subsets using two to five frequencies of the SMMR are examined to determine their potential in the retrieval of atmospheric water vapour content. Our analysis indicates that the information concerning the 18 and 21 GHz channels are optimum for the water vapour retrieval. An attempt to use all the SMMR channels simultaneously gives no significant improvement. A comparison with the radiosonde observations gave an rms accuracy of 0.4 g/cm2. The rms accuracy of retrieved precipitable water using different subsets was within 10 percent.

Global maps of precipitable water over oceans using two and five channels retrieval are given. These maps are generated on a 10 day average basis as well as on monthly basis for the period 7 July to 6 August 1978. An analysis of these Global maps reveals the possibility of global moisture distribution associated with oceanic currents and large scale general circulation in the atmosphere. A stable feature of the large scale circulation is noticed. The precipitable water is maximum over the Bay of Bengal and in the North Pacific over the Kuroshio current and shows general latitudinal pattern.

Keywords

Precipitable Water Water Vapour Content Liquid Water Content Kuroshio Current Atmospheric Water Vapour 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.Meteorology & Oceanography DivisionSpace Applications CentreAhmeda-badIndia

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