Journal of Protein Chemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 573–582 | Cite as

Circular dichroism studies on helical structure preferences of amino acid residues of proteins caused by sodium dodecyl sulfate

  • Kunio Takeda
  • Yoshiko Moriyama
Article

Abstract

The extent of helical structure of 19 intact proteins and of 15 proteins with no disulfide bridges in the absence and presence of 10 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was determined using the curve-fitting method of circular dichroic spectra. The change in helicity caused by the addition of SDS was examined as a function of each amino acid fraction. An increase in the helicity upon the addition of SDS occurred in most of the proteins with no disulfide bridges (C proteins) and containing more than 0.06 Lys fraction. In most of the intact proteins (B proteins), most of which contained disulfide bridges, helicity in SDS decreased with an increase in Lys fraction. The helicity of the C proteins in SDS also tended to increase with an increase in the Leu and Phe fractions, while it decreased with an increase in the Gly fraction. For the helicity of the B proteins in SDS, there was a tendency to increase with increased Asn fraction and decrease with increased His fraction. On the other hand, amino acids were divided into eight groups according to their side-chain properties and the conformational preference for each of the amino acid groups of C proteins was calculated using a simple assumption.

Key words

Protein structure secondary structure amino acid residue fraction SDS CD 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kunio Takeda
    • 1
  • Yoshiko Moriyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryOkayama University of ScienceOkayamaJapan

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