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On the theory of fluctuations in continuum systems


The probability of occurrence of fluctuations around nonequilibrium steady states is discussed from a kinetic viewpoint. It is shown that in a large class of continuous media it is possible to extend the thermodynamic theory of fluctuations, provided one uses suitable steady-state parameters rather than equilibrium quantities.

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Babloyantz, A., Nicolis, G. On the theory of fluctuations in continuum systems. J Stat Phys 1, 563–570 (1969).

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Key words

  • Fluctuations
  • stochastic processes
  • continuous media
  • master equation