Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1743–1750 | Cite as

Origin of kairomones in the leek moth (Acrolepiopsis assectella, Lep.) frass

Possible pathway from methylthio to propylthio compounds
  • Jacques Auger
  • Chantal Lecomte
  • Eric Thibout
Article

Abstract

Feeding leek moths on an artificial diet has shown that dimethyl and dipropyl disulfides and methyl-propyl disulfide found in frass arise from sulfur compounds specific toAllium. The addition of either propyl or methyl disulfide or their precursors to the diet leads to appearance of the three disulfides in the frass. This implies the transformation of theS-propyl moiety toS-methyl and vice versa by an as yet unknown mechanism.

Key words

Diadromus pulchellus Hymenoptera Ichneumonidae Acrolepiopsis assectella Lepidoptera Acrolepiidae leek frass methyl disulfide propyl disulfide kairomones host plant 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arnault, C. 1982. Conséquences de l'alimentation artificielle sur le développement larvaire de la teigne du poireau,Acrolepiopsis assectella.Entomol. Exp. Appl. 32:116–122.Google Scholar
  2. Auger, J. 1987. Analyse et synthèse de substances allélochimiques desAllium (Liliacées) et synthèse d'analogues. Applications à quelques comportements d'insectes inféodés ou non au poireau (Allium porrum L.). Thèse de Doctorat d'Etat. Tours, France. 252 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Auger, J., Lecomte, C., Paris, J., andThibout, E. 1989a. Identification of leek-moth and diamondback-moth frass volatiles that stimulate parasitoid,Diadromus pulchellus.J. Chem. Ecol. 15:1391–1398.Google Scholar
  4. Auger, J., Lecomte, C., andThibout, E. 1989b. Leek odor analysis by gas chromatography. Identification of the most active substance for the leek moth.J. Chem. Ecol. 15:1847–1854.Google Scholar
  5. Barsley, E.A., Thomson, A.E.R., andYoung, L. 1964. Biochemical studies of toxic agents 15. The biosynthesis of ethylmercapturic acid sulphoxide.Biochem. J. 90:588–596.Google Scholar
  6. Bonnet, R., Niviere, P., andLabeyrie, V. 1974. Caractérisation d'amino-acides sulfoxydés dans les limbes d'Allium porrum.C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris D-279:1919–1921.Google Scholar
  7. Casey, J.C., Self, R., andSwain, T. 1963. Origin of methanol and dimethyl sulflde from cooked foods.Nature 200:885.Google Scholar
  8. Challenger, F., andCharlton, P.T. 1947. Studies on biological methylation. Part X. The fission of the mono- and di-sulphide links by moulds.J. Chem. Soc. 1947:424–429.Google Scholar
  9. Cherest, H., Talbot, G., andde Robichon-Szulmajster, H. 1970. Role of homocysteine synthetase in an alternate route of methionine. Biosynthesis inSaccharomyces cerevisiae.J. Bacterial. 102:448–461.Google Scholar
  10. Grenby, T.H., andYoung, L. 1960. Biochemical studies of toxic agents 12. The biosynthesis ofn-propylmercapturic acid fromn-propyl halides.Biochem. J. 75:28–33.Google Scholar
  11. Ikeshoji, T. 1984.S-Propenylcysteine sulfoxide in exudates of onion roots and its possible decompartmentalization in root cells by bacteria into attractant of the onion maggot,Hylemya antiqua (Diptera: Anthomyiidae).Appl. Entomol. Zool. 19:159–169.Google Scholar
  12. King, J.E., andColey-Smith, J.R. 1969. Production of volatile alkyl sulphides by microbial degradation of synthetic alliin and alliin-like compounds, in relation to germination of sclerotia ofSclerotium cepivorum Berk.Ann. Appl. Biol. 64:303–314.Google Scholar
  13. Murakami, F. 1960. Studies on the nutritional value ofAllium plants. 36—Decomposition of alliin homologues by micro-organisms and formation of substances with thiamine masking activity.Vitamins 20:126–135.Google Scholar
  14. Schreyen, L., Dirinck, P., Van Wassenhove, F., andSchamp, N. 1976. Analysis of leek volatiles by headspace condensation.J. Agric. Food Chem. 24:1147–1152.Google Scholar
  15. Thibout, E.,Lecomte, C., andAuger, J. 1988.Diadromus pulchellus: Search for a host and specificity, pp. 7–14,in Parasitoid Insects. INRA Ed., Paris. Coll. INRA 48.Google Scholar
  16. Virtanen, A.I. 1965. Studies on organic sulphur compounds and other labile substances in plants. Phytochemistry 4:207–228.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacques Auger
    • 1
  • Chantal Lecomte
    • 1
  • Eric Thibout
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Biocénotique Expérimentale des Agrosystèmes URA CNRS 1298Université François RabelaisToursFrance

Personalised recommendations