Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 15, Issue 10, pp 2425–2434 | Cite as

Short-term induction of alkaloid production in lupines Differences between N2-fixing and nitrogen-limited plants

  • Nelson D. Johnson
  • Lisa P. Rigney
  • Barbara L. Bentley
Article

Abstract

We used N2-fixing and nonfixing lupines to examine the effects of plant nutrition on short-term alkaloid production in damaged leaves. Three different treatments were used: damaged leaves from N2-fixing plants; undamaged leaves from these damaged, N2-fixing plants; and damaged leaves on nitrogen-limited, nonfixing plants. Relative to controls, alkaloids increased in concentration more quickly in the N2-fixing than in the nitrogen-limited plants. The magnitude of this increase in alkaloids was correlated with the initial alkaloid concentration. These results suggest that nitrogen-rich plants may benefit from faster and higher alkaloid induction than nitrogen-limited plants. In addition, the detailed dynamics of individual alkaloids are consistent with earlier proposals for the mechanism of lupine alkaloid induction.

Key words

Plant defense induced defense leaf damage quinolizidine alkaloids nitrogen fixation Lupinus succulentus 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Broadway, R.M., Duffey, S.S., Pearce, G., andRyan, C.A. 1986. Plant proteinase inhibitors: a defense against herbivorous insects?Entomol. Exp. Appl. 41:33–38.Google Scholar
  2. Bryant, J.P. 1987. Feltleaf willow-snowshoe hare interactions: Plant carbon/nutrient balance and floodplain succession.Ecology 68:1319–1327.Google Scholar
  3. Chapin, F.S., III. 1980. The mineral nutrition of wild plants.Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11:233–260.Google Scholar
  4. Fowler, S.V., andLawton, J.H. 1985. Rapidly induced defenses and talking trees: The devil's advocate position.Am. Nat. 126:181–195.Google Scholar
  5. Gershenzon, J. 1984. Changes in the levels of plant secondary metabolites under water and nutrient stress.Recent Adv. Phytochem. 18:273–320.Google Scholar
  6. Johnson, N.D., andBentley, B.L. 1988. Effects of dietary protein and lupine alkaloids on growth and survivorship ofSpodoptera eridania.J. Chem. Ecol. 14:1391–1403.Google Scholar
  7. Johnson, N.D. andBentley, B.L. 1989. Symbiotic N2 fixation and the elements of plant resistance to herbivores: A case-study of the alkaloids and tolerance to defoliation of lupines,in C. Jones, V. Krischik, and P. Barbosa (eds.). John Wiley & Sons, New York. In press.Google Scholar
  8. Johnson, N.D., Liu, B., andBentley, B.L. 1987. The effects of nitrogen fixation, soil nitrate, and defoliation on the growth, alkaloids, and nitrogen levels ofLupinus succulentus (Fabaceae).Oecologia (Berlin) 74:425–431.Google Scholar
  9. Larsson, S., Wiren, A., Lundgren, L., andEricsson, T. 1986. Effects of light and nutrient stress on leaf phenolic chemistry inSalix dasyclados and susceptibility toGalerucella lineola (Coleoptera).Oikos 47:205–210.Google Scholar
  10. Rhoades, D.R. 1983. Herbivore population dynamics and plant chemistry, pp. 155–220,in R.F. Denno and M.S. McClure (eds.). Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Schultz, J.C. 1988. Plant responses induced by herbivores.Trends Res. Ecol. Evol. 3:45–49.Google Scholar
  12. Tallamy, D.W. 1985. Squash beetle feeding behavior: An adaptation against induced cucurbit defenses.Ecology 66:1574–1579.Google Scholar
  13. Ury, H.K. 1976. A comparison of four procedures for multiple comparisons among means (pairwise contrasts) for arbitrary sample sizes.Technometrics 18:89–97.Google Scholar
  14. Waller, G.R., andNowacki, E.K. 1978. Alkaloid Biology and Metabolism in Plants. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Wink, M. 1983. Wounding-induced increase of quinolizidine alkaloid accumulation in lupin leaves.Z. Naturforsch. 38c:905–909.Google Scholar
  16. Wink, M. 1984. Chemical defense of lupins. Mollusc-repellent properties of quinolizidine alkaloids.Z. Naturforsch. 39c:553–558.Google Scholar
  17. Wink, M., andHartmann, T. 1982. Diurnal fluctuation of quinolizidine alkaloid accumulation in legume plants and photomiotrophic cell suspension cultures.Z. Naturforsch. 37c:369–375.Google Scholar
  18. Wink, M., andWitte, L. 1985. Quinolizidine alkaloids as nitrogen source for lupin seedlings and cell cultures.Z. Naturforsch. 40c:767–775.Google Scholar
  19. Wink, M., Witte, L., andHartmann, T. 1981. Quinolizidine alkaloid composition of plants and of photomiotrophic cell suspension cultures ofSarothamnus scoparius andOrobanche rapumgenistae.Planta Med. 43:342–352.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nelson D. Johnson
    • 1
  • Lisa P. Rigney
    • 1
  • Barbara L. Bentley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and EvolutionSUNY at Stony BrookStony Brook

Personalised recommendations