Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 31–45 | Cite as

Factors in problem adolescent fruit machine gambling: Results of a small postal survey

  • Mark Griffiths
Articles

Abstract

Until recently the study of adolescent gambling has received little academic attention. There is however an emerging literature which not only reveals that adolescents gamble but that some display pathological tendencies. To date in the U.K., most studies of adolescent gambling have focussed on the incidence of fruit machine gambling and its negative effects. This paper reports data obtained from a postal study of former adolescent fruit machine addicts. In addition to demographic data, other information (e.g. reasons for playing, gambling pathology, skill factors (if any) during playing, and mood variables before, during and after play) was collected. Self written personal histories of gambling experiences revealed descriptive insights into their fruit machine addiction and how some of them had managed to overcome their problems without professional help.

Keywords

Demographic Data Gambling Pathology Personal History Postal Survey Postal Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd edition-revised). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, G. & Brown, R.I.F. (1984). Real and laboratory gambling, sensation seeking and arousal: Towards a Pavlovian component in general theories of gambling addictions.British Journal of Psychology, 75, 401–411.Google Scholar
  3. Barham, R. (1987).Teenage use of amusement arcades in Bognor Regis. Bognor Regis: West Sussex Institute of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  4. British Market Research Bureau (1986).Gambling: Mintel Leisure Intelligence. Vol. 14. London: Author.Google Scholar
  5. Fisher, S. (1991). Governmental response to juvenile fruit machine gambling in the U.K.: Where do we go from here?Journal of Gambling Studies, 7, 217–247.Google Scholar
  6. Griffiths, M.D. (1988). Adolescent gambling: Report of a workshop.Society for the Study of Gambling Newsletter, 14, 12–16.Google Scholar
  7. Griffiths, M.D. (1989). Gambling in children and adolescents.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 66–83.Google Scholar
  8. Griffiths, M.D. (1990a). Addiction to fruit machines: A preliminary study among males.Journal of Gambling Studies, 6, 113–125.Google Scholar
  9. Griffiths, M.D. (1990b). The cognitive psychology of gambling.Journal of Gambling Studies, 6 31–42.Google Scholar
  10. Griffiths, M.D. (1990c). The acquisition, development and maintenance of fruit machine gambling in adolescence.Journal of Gambling Studies, 6, 193–204.Google Scholar
  11. Griffiths, M.D. (1990d). Adolescent gambling: An observational pilot study.Perceptual and Motor Skills, 70, 1138.Google Scholar
  12. Griffiths, M.D. (1990e). Arcade clientele and gaming preferences: A long term study.Perceptual and Motor Skills, 70, 1258.Google Scholar
  13. Griffiths, M.D. (1990f). The role of cognitive bias and skill in fruit machine gambling. In S.E.G. Lea, P. Webley and B. Young (Eds.)Applied Economic Psychology in the 1990's. Exeter: Washington Singer Press.Google Scholar
  14. Griffiths, M.D. (1991a). Amusement machine playing in childhood and adolescence: A comparative analysis of video games and fruit machines.Journal of Adolescence, 14, 53–73.Google Scholar
  15. Griffiths, M.D. (1991b). The psychobiology of the near miss in fruit machine gambling.Journal of Psychology, 125, 347–357.Google Scholar
  16. Ide-Smith, S. & Lea, S.E.G. (1988). Gambling in young adolescents.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 110–118.Google Scholar
  17. Jacobs, D.F. (1989). Illegal and undocumented: A review of teenage gambling and the plight of children of problem gamblers in America. In H.J. Shaffer, S.A. Stein, B. Gambino & T.N. Gummings (Eds.)Compulsive gambling: Theory research and practice, pp 249–292. Massachusetts/ Toronto: Lexington.Google Scholar
  18. Ladouceur, R. & Mireault, M. (1988). Gambling behaviors among high school students in the Quebec area.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 3–12.Google Scholar
  19. Leary, K. & Dickerson, M.G. (1985). Levels of arousal in high and low frequency gamblers.Behavior Research and Therapy, 23, 635–40.Google Scholar
  20. Leeds Polytechnic (1989). Cited in J. Long. Playing the Machine: Amusement arcade ethics. Leisure Management, 9(8), 65–66.Google Scholar
  21. Lesieur, H.R. & Klein, R. (1987). Pathological gambling amongst high school students.Addictive Behaviors, 12, 129–135.Google Scholar
  22. McCormick, R.A., Russo, A.M., Ramirez, L.P. & Taber, J.I. (1984). Affective disorders among pathological gamblers seeking treatment.American Journal of Psychiatry, 141, 215–218.Google Scholar
  23. Markham, R. (1990). Psychiatric nursing and the young problem gambler.U.K. Forum on Young People and Gambling Newsletter, 1, 6–7.Google Scholar
  24. Moody, G. (1989). Parents of young gamblers.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 313–320.Google Scholar
  25. Moody, G. (1990).Quit compulsive gambling. London: Thorsons.Google Scholar
  26. National Housing and Town Planning Council (1989).Gambling machines and young people. London: Author.Google Scholar
  27. Rands, J. & Hooper, M. (1990). Survey of young people's use of slot machines within the Sedgemoor District in conjunction with Somerset Youth Association. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  28. Spectrum Children's Trust (1988).Slot machine playing by children: Results of a survey in Taunton and Minehead. London: Author.Google Scholar
  29. Stewart, R.M. & Brown, R.I.F. (1988). An outcome study of Gamblers Anonymous.British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 284–288.Google Scholar
  30. Taber, J.I. McCormick, R.A. & Ramirez, L.F. (1987). Prevalence and impact of major life Stressors among pathological gamblers.International Journal of the Addictions, 22, 71–79.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Griffiths
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of PlymouthDrake Circus, PlymouthUK

Personalised recommendations