Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 299–310 | Cite as

Clinical and behavioral evaluation of pathological gambling in Barcelona, Spain

  • Angels Gonzàlez Ibàñez
  • Pilar V. Mercadé
  • Ma Neus Aymamí Sanromà
  • Carolina Pastor Cordero


This paper assesses both the clinical characteristics and gambling behavior of 45 pathological gamblers (40 male, 5 female, average age 41) in a psychiatric hospital in Barcelona, Spain. These pathological gamblers tend to have other addictions and psychiatric disorders in addition to their pathological gambling. Suicidal ideation and attempts were one of the most frequent complications with these patients. Slot and fruit machines were found to be the most preferred form of gambling. Loans and crime were frequently used by the gambler to finance his or her gambling. Nevertheless, the gambler is rarely aggessive, and legal problems resulting from serious crimes are the exception. The profile presentes is similar to that found among pathological gamblers in other countries.


Psychiatric Disorder Suicidal Ideation Pathological Gambler Psychiatric Hospital Frequent Complication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual, (3rd edition revised). Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  2. Commission on the Review of the National Policy Towards Gambling (1976).Gambling in America. Washington, D.C: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  3. Custer, R. & Custer, L. (1978).Characteristics of the recovering compulsive gambler: A survey of 150 members of gamblers anonymous. Paper presented at the Fourth Annual Conference on Gambling, Reno, Nevada.Google Scholar
  4. Custer, R.L. (1984) Profile of the pathological gambler.Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 45, (12 pt 2), 35–38.Google Scholar
  5. Freedman, A.N., Kaplan, H.I. & Sadock, E.J. (1982).Tratado de psiquiatria. Tomo II. Barcelona: Salvat Editorial.Google Scholar
  6. González Ibáñez, A. (1988).Joc patològic: Una nova addicció. Barcelona: Tibidabo Edicions.Google Scholar
  7. González Ibáñez, A. (1989).Juego patológico: Una nueva addición. Madrid: Canal Comunicaciones, S.A.Google Scholar
  8. Kallick, M., Suits, D., Dielman, T. & Hybels, J. (1979)A survey of American gambling attitudes and behavior. Ann Harbor, MI: Institute for Social Research.Google Scholar
  9. Lesieur, H. (1979). The compulsive gambler's spiral of options and involvement.Psychiatry, 42, 79–87.Google Scholar
  10. Lesieur, H. (1988). The female pathological gambler. In W.R. Eadington (Ed.).Gambling research, Vol.5, (pp. 230–258). Reno, Nevada: Bureau of Business and Economic Research, University of Nevada.Google Scholar
  11. Lesieur H. & Klein, R. (1985).Prisoners, gambling and crime. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Las Vegas, Nevada.Google Scholar
  12. Lesieur, H., Blume, S. & Zoppa, R. (1986). Alcoholism, drug abuse and gambling.Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 10, 33–38.Google Scholar
  13. Lesieur, H. (1988).Report on pathological gambling in New Jersey. Report to the New Jersey Governor's Advisory Commission on Gambling.Google Scholar
  14. Linden, R., Pope, H. & Jonas, J. (1986). Pathological gambling and major affective disorder: Preliminary findings.Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 41, 201–203.Google Scholar
  15. Lorenz, V. (1981).Differences found among Catholic, Protestant and Jewish families of pathological gamblers. Paper presented at the Fifth National Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, Lake Tahoe, Nevada.Google Scholar
  16. Lorenz, V. & Shuttlesworth, D.E. (1983). The impact of pathological gambling on the spouse of the gambler.Journal of Community Psycholog, 11, 67–76.Google Scholar
  17. Lorenz, V. & Yaffee, R. (1986). Pathological gambling: Psychosomatic, emotional and marital difficulties as reported by the gambler.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 2, 40–49.Google Scholar
  18. Lorenz, V. & Yaffee, R. (1988). Pathological gambling: Psychosomatic, emotional and marital difficulties as reported by the spouse.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 4, 13–26.Google Scholar
  19. McCormick, R., Russo, A., Ramirez, L. & Taber, J. (1984). Affective disorders among pathological gamblers seeking treatment.American Journal of Psychiatry, 141, 215–218.Google Scholar
  20. Nora, R. (1984).Profile survey on compulsive gamblers. Paper presented at The Seventh International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, Reno, Nevada.Google Scholar
  21. Russo, M.A., Taber, J.F., McCormick, R.A. & Ramirez, L.F. (1984). An outcome study of an inpatient treatment program for pathological gamblers.Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 35, (8), 823–827.Google Scholar
  22. Sommers, I. (1988). Pathological gambling: Estimating prevalence and group characteristics.The International Journal of the Addictions, 23, 477–490.Google Scholar
  23. Taber, J.F., McCormick, R.A. & Ramirez, L.F. (1987). The prevalence and impact of major life stressors among pathological gamblers.The International Journal of the Addictions, 22, 71–79.Google Scholar
  24. Taber, J.F., McCormick, R.A., Russo, M.A., Adkins, B.J. & Ramirez, L.F. (1987). Follow-up of pathological gamblers after treatment.American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 757–761.Google Scholar
  25. Volberg, R. & Steadman, H. (1988). Refining prevalence estimate of pathological gambling.American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 502–505.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angels Gonzàlez Ibàñez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pilar V. Mercadé
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ma Neus Aymamí Sanromà
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carolina Pastor Cordero
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Licenciada con grado en PsicologiaSpain
  2. 2.Ciutat Sanitària de BellvitgeHospital Princeps d'Espanya, Servei de PsiquiatriaSpain

Personalised recommendations