Advertisement

Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 353–369 | Cite as

The prevalence of pathological gambling in Galicia (Spain)

  • Elisardo Becoña
Articles

Abstract

Since 1977, when gambling was legalized in Spain, the amount of money spent on it has increased each year. Expenditures on gambling are now more than 3 billion pesetas per year. This paper provides the results of a study on the prevalence of pathological gambling in the Galicia region of northwest Spain, with a representative random sample (N=1,615) from the seven largest cities of Galicia. The prevalence of pathological gambling was 1.7% utilising the DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria. An additional 1.6% were problem gamblers, 0.6% excessive social gamblers and 1% exexcessive gamblers. The results suggest that slot machines are the most addictive form of gambling. Pathological gamblers are homogeneously distributed in the population with the exception that males and upper income family membership are overrepresented. Alcohol and cigarette consumption were higher among pathological gamblers than in the general population.

Keywords

Alcohol General Population Random Sample Income Family Large City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (1980).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (3rd edition). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (revised 3rd edition). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, R.I.F. (1988). Reversal theory and subjective experience in the explanation of addiction and relapse. In M.J. Apter, J.H. Kerr, and M.P. Cowles (Eds.),Progress in reversal theory (pp. 191–211). Amsterdam: North Holland Elsevier Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas (1989). Datos de opinión: Lotería, otros juegos de azar.Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 45, 291–312.Google Scholar
  5. Ciarrocchi, J.M. and Richardson, J. (1989). Profile of compulsive gamblers in treatment. Update and comparison.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 53–65.Google Scholar
  6. Commission on the Review of the National Policy toward Gambling (1976).Gambling in America. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  7. Culleton, R.P. (1989). The prevalence rates of pathological gambling: A look at methods.Journal of Gambling Behavior, 5, 22–41.Google Scholar
  8. Echeburúa, E. (1992). Psicopatología, variables de personalidad y vulnerabilidad al juego patológico.Psicothema, 4, 7–20.Google Scholar
  9. Edis (1990).El consuma de drogas en Galicia [Drug consumption in Galicia]. Santiago de Compostela: Consellería de Sanidade.Google Scholar
  10. González, A., Mercadé, P.V., Aymamí, N., & Pastor, C. (1990). Variables de personalidad y juego patológico.Revista de Psiquiatría de la Facultad de Medicina de Barcelona, 17, 203–209.Google Scholar
  11. Hermkens, P. & Kok, I. (1990). Gambling in the Netherlands: Developments, participation, and compulsive gambling.Journal of Gambling Studies, 6, 223–240.Google Scholar
  12. Jacobs, D.F. (1989). A general theory of addictions: Rationales for and evidence supporting a new approach for understanding and treating addictive behaviors. In H.J. Shaffer, S.A. Stein, B. Gambino, & T.N. Cummings (Eds.),Compulsive gambling: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 35–64). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  13. Ladouceur, R. (1991). Prevalence estimates of pathological gamblers in Québec.Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 36, 732–734.Google Scholar
  14. Lesieur, H.R. (1984).The chase. Career of the compulsive gambler. Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman Books.Google Scholar
  15. Lesieur, H.R., Blume, S.B. & Zoppa, R.M. (1986). Alcoholism, drug abuse, and gambling.Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 10, 33–38.Google Scholar
  16. Lesieur, H.R. & Rosenthal, R.J. (1991). Pathological gambling: A review of the literature (Prepared for the American Psychiatric Association Task Force on DSM-IV Committee on Disorders of Impulse Control Not Elsewhere Classified).Journal of Gambling Studies, 7, 5–39.Google Scholar
  17. Lisón, C. (1971).Antropología social de Galicia (Social Anthropology of Galicia). Madrid: Siglo XXI.Google Scholar
  18. McCormick, R.A., Russo, A.M., Ramirez, L.F. & Taber, J.I. (1984). Affective disorders among pathological gamblers in treatment.American Journal of Psychiatry, 141, 215–218.Google Scholar
  19. Ramirez, L.F. McCormick, R.A., Russo, A.M. & Taber, J.L. (1983). Patterns of substance abuse in pathological gamblers undergoing treatment.Addictive Behaviors, 8, 425–428.Google Scholar
  20. Rosecrance, J. (1988).Gambling without guilt: The legitimation of an American Pastime. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  21. Volberg, R.A. (1990).Estimating the prevalence of pathological gambling in the United States. Paper presented at the Eight International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, London, August 1990.Google Scholar
  22. Volberg, R.A. & Steadman, H.J. (1988). Refining prevalence estimates of pathological gambling.American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 502–505.Google Scholar
  23. Volberg, R.A. & Steadman, H.J. (1989). Prevalence estimates of pathological gambling in New Jersey and Maryland.American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 1618–1619.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisardo Becoña
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Psicología. Departamento de Psicología Clínica y Psicobiología Campus UniversitarioUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaGaliciaSpain

Personalised recommendations