Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 355–377 | Cite as

Lottery play and problem gambling

  • Joseph Hraba
  • Waiman Mok
  • David Huff

Abstract

This study sought to determine if lottery play along with other possible causes engenders problem gambling. Problem gambling was defined as a progression and measured by three scales: Gambling behavior, loss of control over gambling and gambling consequences. Possible causes of problem gambling included lottery play, personality traits, exposure to gambling, leisure pursuits, marital status, residence, and other background characteristics of respondents. Respondents are a stratified random sample of adult residents of Iowa contacted by telephone in May–June, 1989. It was found that lottery play is a predictor of gambling behavior, as well as loss of control and gambling consequences when previous stages of problem gambling were deleted from the analysis as predictor variables. Other predictors of the latter stages of problem gambling include its earlier stages, as well as personality traits and various background characteristics of respondents. The relevance of the findings for theory and future research on gambling are discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (1980).Manual of mental disorders: Third Edition. Washington, D.C.: Author.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Third Edition, revised. Washington, D.C.: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Bergler, E. (1958).The psychology of gambling. London: Harrison.Google Scholar
  4. Berry, J.R. (1968, October). What makes a gambling addict.Today's Health, 21–23.Google Scholar
  5. Cullerton, R.P. & Lang, M.H. (1985).The prevalence rate of pathological gambling in the Delaware Valley in 1984. Camden, N.J.: Rutgers University (Mimeo).Google Scholar
  6. Custer, R.L. & Milt, H. (1985).When luck runs out. N.Y.: Facts on File Publications.Google Scholar
  7. Dunne, J.A. (1983). The president's message.National Council on Compulsive Gambling Newsletter, 1, 2.Google Scholar
  8. Frey, J.H. (1984). Gambling: A sociological review.Annals, 474, 107–120.Google Scholar
  9. Goffman, E. (1967).Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face behavior. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  10. Greene, J. (1982). The gambling trap.Psychology Today, 16, 50–55.Google Scholar
  11. Herman, R. (1967). Gambling as work: a sociological study of the race track. In R. Herman (Ed.)Gambling. pp. 87–106.Google Scholar
  12. Herman, R. (1976).Gamblers and Gambling. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  13. Hayano, D.M. (1982).Poker faces. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hraba, J. (1989).Report to Iowa Department of Human Services: Research on Iowa Lottery and Gambling. Ames: Department of Sociology, Iowa State University.Google Scholar
  15. Kallick M., Suits, D., Dielman, T. & Hybels, J. (1979)A survey of American gambling attitudes and behavior. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research.Google Scholar
  16. Kaplan, H.R. (1984). The social and economic impact of state lotteries.Annals, 474, 91–106.Google Scholar
  17. Langer, E.J. (1983).The psychology of control. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  18. Lesieur, H.R. (1977).The chase. Garden City, NY: Anchor.Google Scholar
  19. Lesieur, H.R. (1979). The compulsive gambler's spiral of options and involvement. Psychiatry 42: 79–87.Google Scholar
  20. Lesieur, H.R. & Blume, S. (1987). The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS): A new instrument for the identification of pathological gamblers.American Journal of Psychiatry, 114, 1184–1188.Google Scholar
  21. Lesieur, H.R. & Custer, R.L. (1984). Pathological gambling; roots, phases, and treatment.Annals, 474, 146–156.Google Scholar
  22. Lieberman, L. (1988).A social typology of gambling behavior. NY: National Council on Compulsive Gambling.Google Scholar
  23. Merton, R.K. (1938). Social structure and anomie.American Sociological Review, 3, 672–682.Google Scholar
  24. Moran, E. (1975). Pathological gambling.Contemporary Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, Special Publication No. 9. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists.Google Scholar
  25. Oldman, D. (1974).Chance and skill: A study of roulette.Sociology, 8, 407–426.Google Scholar
  26. Oldman, D. (1978). Compulsive gamblers.Sociological Review, 26, 349–471.Google Scholar
  27. Orford, J. (1985).Excessive appetites: A psychological view of addictions. NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  28. Rosecrance, J. (1985–86). ‘The next best thing’: a study of problem gambling.The International Journal of the Addictions, 20, 1727–1739.Google Scholar
  29. Rosecrance, J. (1986). Attributions and the origins of problem gambling.The Sociological Quarterly, 27, 463–477.Google Scholar
  30. Rosecrance, J. (1988).Gambling without guilt: The legitimation of an American pastime. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  31. Scott, M.B. (1968).The racing game. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  32. Tec, N. (1964).Gambling in Sweden. Totowa, NJ: Bedminister Press.Google Scholar
  33. Transitional Planning Associates (1985).A survey of pathological gamblers in the state of Ohio. Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
  34. Volberg, R.A. & Steadman, H.J. (1988). Refining prevalence estimates of pathological gambling.American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 502–505.Google Scholar
  35. Wagner, W. (1972).To gamble or not to gamble. NY: World Publishing.Google Scholar
  36. Waller, A. (1974).The gamblers. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin Ltd.Google Scholar
  37. Wells, C. (1989, April). America's gambling fever: Everybody wants a piece of the action-but is it good for us?Business Week, 112–120.Google Scholar
  38. Winston, S. & Harris, H. (1984).Nation of Gamblers. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Hraba
    • 1
  • Waiman Mok
    • 1
  • David Huff
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyIowa State UniversityAmes

Personalised recommendations