Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 45–72 | Cite as

Women and plant closings: Unemployment, re-employment, and job training enrollment following dislocation

  • Suzanna D. Smith
  • Sharon J. Price


Major changes in the U.S. economy are leaving blue collar women vulnerable to extended unemployment, permanent job loss, or re-employment at lower wage and benefit levels. Consequently, retraining for other jobs may be a virtual necessity. Information about factors associated with women's employment status after job loss may be useful to policy makers and program planners providing assistance or training to dislocated women. This study of women workers, who are dislocated from jobs in textile and apparel plants in Georgia, identifies the differences between women who are unemployed, re-employed, or enrolled in job training programs following job loss. Findings suggest that stage of the family life cycle and the demands of combining production work and family responsibilities contribute to women's experience of unemployment and their labor market participation.

Key words

job training rural unemployment women work 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanna D. Smith
    • 1
  • Sharon J. Price
    • 2
  1. 1.Human Development, Home Economics Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesville
  2. 2.Department of Child and Family DevelopmentUniversity of GeorgiaAthens

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