Advertisement

Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 45–72 | Cite as

Women and plant closings: Unemployment, re-employment, and job training enrollment following dislocation

  • Suzanna D. Smith
  • Sharon J. Price
Article

Abstract

Major changes in the U.S. economy are leaving blue collar women vulnerable to extended unemployment, permanent job loss, or re-employment at lower wage and benefit levels. Consequently, retraining for other jobs may be a virtual necessity. Information about factors associated with women's employment status after job loss may be useful to policy makers and program planners providing assistance or training to dislocated women. This study of women workers, who are dislocated from jobs in textile and apparel plants in Georgia, identifies the differences between women who are unemployed, re-employed, or enrolled in job training programs following job loss. Findings suggest that stage of the family life cycle and the demands of combining production work and family responsibilities contribute to women's experience of unemployment and their labor market participation.

Key words

job training rural unemployment women work 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bluestone, B., & Harrison, B. (1982).The deindustrialization of America: Plant closings, Community abandonment, and the dismantling of basic industries. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  2. Coyle, A. (1984).Redundant women. London: Women's Press.Google Scholar
  3. Danziger, S., & Gottschalk, P. (1986). Families with children have fared worst.Challenge, 29(1), 40–47.Google Scholar
  4. Derogatis, L. R., Lipman, R. S., Rickels, K., Uhlenhuth, E. H., & Covi, L. (1974). The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL): A measure of primary symptom dimensions. In P. Pichot (Ed.),Psychological measurements in psychopharmacology: Vol 7 (pp. 79–110). Basil, Switzerland: S. Karger.Google Scholar
  5. Ensminger, M. E., & Celentano, D. D. (1988). Unemployment and psychiatric distress: Social resources and coping.Social Science and Medicine, 27, 239–247.Google Scholar
  6. Flaim, P. O., & Sehgal, E. (1985). Displaced workers of 1979–83: How well have they fared?Monthly Labor Review, 108(6), 3–16.Google Scholar
  7. Grayson, J. P. (1983). The effects of a plant closure on the stress levels and health of workers' wives — A preliminary analysis.Journal of Business Ethics, 2, 221–225.Google Scholar
  8. Green, G. P., & Epstein, R. (Eds.). (1985).Employment and Earnings,32(2), 27.Google Scholar
  9. Green, G. P., & Epstein, R. (Eds.). (1986).Employment and Earnings,33(2), 27.Google Scholar
  10. Green, G. P., & Epstein, R. (Eds.). (1988).Employment and Earnings,35(2), 22.Google Scholar
  11. Green, G. P., & Epstein, R. (Eds.). (1989).Employment and Earnings,36(2), 24.Google Scholar
  12. Green, G. P., Goings, G., & Epstein, R. (Eds.). (1982).Employment and Earnings,32(2), 21.Google Scholar
  13. Harlan, S. L. (1985). Federal job training policy and economically disadvantaged women. In L. Laurwood & A. Stromberg (Eds.),Women and work (pp. 282–310). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  14. Harlan, S. L., & Steinberg, R. J. (1989). Job training for women: The problem in a policy context. In S. L. Harlan & R. J. Steinberg (Eds.),Job training for women: The promise and limits of public policies (pp. 3–54). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Hepworth, S. J. (1980). Moderating factors of the psychological impact of unemployment.Journal of Occupational Psychology, 53, 139–146.Google Scholar
  16. Hollingshead, A. (1975).Four factors index of social status. Unpublished manuscript, Yale University, Department of Sociology, New Haven.Google Scholar
  17. Huberty, C. J. (1975). Discriminant analysis.Review of Educational Research, 45, 543–598.Google Scholar
  18. Hurst, J. B., & Shepard, J. W. (1986). The dynamics of plant closings: An extended emotional roller coaster ride.Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 401–405.Google Scholar
  19. Kessler, R. C., & Essex, M. (1982). Marital status and depression: The importance of coping resources.Social Forces, 61, 484–507.Google Scholar
  20. Liem, R. (1988). Unemployed workers and their families: Social victims or social critics. In P. Voydanoff & L. C. Majka (Eds.),Families and economic distress: Coping strategies and social policy (pp. 135–151). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  21. Lilly, L. (1989). Training women for jobs in rural economies: A Southern experience. In S. L. Harlan & R. J. Steinberg (Eds.),Job training for women: The promise and limits of public policies (pp. 247–268). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Martin, R., & Wallace, J. (1984).Working women in recession: Employment, redundancy, and unemployment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Miles, I. (1987). Some observations on ‘unemployment and health’ research.Social Science and Medicine, 25, 223–225.Google Scholar
  24. Moen, P. (1979). Family impacts of the 1975 recession: Duration of unemployment.Journal of Marriage and the Family, 41, 561–572.Google Scholar
  25. Nevill, D. D., & Damico, S. (1975). Family size and role conflict in women.The Journal of Psychology, 89, 267–270.Google Scholar
  26. Pearlin, L. L., Lieberman, M. A., Menaghan, E. G., & Mullen, J. T. (1981). The stress process.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 22, 337–356.Google Scholar
  27. Pearlin, L. L., & Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19, 2–21.Google Scholar
  28. Perrucci, C. C., Perrucci, R., Targ, D. B., & Targ, H. R. (1985). Impact of a plant closing on workers and the community. In R. L. Harper & I. H. Simpson (Eds.),Research in the sociology of work (Vol. 3) (pp. 231–260). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  29. Perrucci, C. C., Perrucci, R., Targ, D. B., & Targ, H. R. (1988).Plant closings: International context and social costs. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  30. Perrucci, C. C., & Targ, D. B. (1988). Effects of a plant closing on marriage and family life. In P. Voydanoff & L. C. Majka (Eds.),Families and economic distress: Coping strategies and social policy (pp. 55–71). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  31. Ratcliff, K. S., & Bogdan, J. (1988). Unemployed women: When “social support” is not supportive.Social Problems, 35, 54–63.Google Scholar
  32. Rayman, P. (1988). Unemployment and family life: The meaning for children. In P. Voydanoff & L. C. Majka (Eds.),Families and economic distress: Coping strategies and social policy (pp. 119–134). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  33. Rosen, E. (1987a).Bitter choices: Blue collar women in and out of work. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  34. Rosen, E. (1987b). Job displacement among men and women: The crisis of underemployment.International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 7, 31–42.Google Scholar
  35. Shamir, B. (1986). Sex differences in psychological adjustment to unemployment and remployment: A question of commitment, alternatives or finance?Social Problems, 33, 67–79.Google Scholar
  36. Sheppard, H. L., & Belitsky, A. H. (1966).The job hunt: Job seeking behavior of unemployed workers in a local economy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press.Google Scholar
  37. Snyder, K. A., & Nowak, T. C. (1984). Job loss and demoralization: Do women fare better than men?International Journal of Mental Health, 13, 92–106.Google Scholar
  38. Southeast Women's Employment Coalition. (1986).Women of the rural South: Economic status and prospects. Lexington, KY: Author.Google Scholar
  39. Starrin, B., & Larsson, G. (1987). Coping with unemployment—A contribution to the understanding of women's unemployment.Social Science and Medicine, 25, 163–171.Google Scholar
  40. Svensson, P. (1987). International social and health policies to prevent ill health in the unemployed: The World Health Organization Perspective.Social Science and Medicine, 25, 201–204.Google Scholar
  41. Tatsuoka, M. M. (1970).Discriminant analysis: The study of group differences. Selected Topics in Advanced Statistics (No. 6). Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.Google Scholar
  42. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1991, March). [Current Population Survey]. Unpublished data.Google Scholar
  43. U.S. Congress. (1986). Office of Technology Assessment, Technology, and Structural Unemployment.Reemploying displaced adults. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  44. Vinokur, A., & Caplan, R. O. (1987). Attitudes and social support: Determinants of jobseeking behavior and well-being among the unemployed.Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 1007–1024.Google Scholar
  45. Voydanoff, P., & Donnelly, B. W. (1989). Economic distress and mental health: The role of family coping resources and behaviors.Lifestyles: Family and Economic Issues, 10, 139–162.Google Scholar
  46. Walters, L. H. (1978, November).Discriminant analysis for the family researcher. Paper presented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the National Council of Family Relations, Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
  47. Warr, P. B. (1978). A study of psychological well-being.British Journal of Psychology 69, 111–121.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanna D. Smith
    • 1
  • Sharon J. Price
    • 2
  1. 1.Human Development, Home Economics Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesville
  2. 2.Department of Child and Family DevelopmentUniversity of GeorgiaAthens

Personalised recommendations