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Influence of pheromone chirality on response byOryzaephilus surinamensis andOryzaephilus mercator (Coleoptera: Cucujidae)

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Abstract

The response of the sawtoothed grain beetle,Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), and the merchant grain beetle,O. mercator (Fauvel), to synthetic racemic and chiral macrolide aggregation pheromones was assessed in pitfall olfactometers.O.mercator utilizes theR enantiomers of (Z)-3-dodecen-11-olide and (Z,Z)-3,6-dodecadien-11-olide.O. surinamensis utilizes theR enantiomers of (Z,Z)-3,6-dodecadien-11-olide and the Synergist (Z,Z)-5,8-tetradecadien-13-olide in combination with achiral (Z,Z)-3,6-dodecadienolide. For both species, the racemates of the respective chiral pheromones were effective attractants. The respectiveS enantiomers were inactive for both species and had no effect on the biological activity of the active antipodes. No diel periodicity in responsiveness to pheromones was detected inOryzaephilus spp. reared either on a 12∶12 light-dark photoperiod or in darkness. Nonpheromone macrolides, naturally released in trace amounts byOryzaephilus spp., did not affect the aggregation response of either species to its pheromones when these additional macrolides were combined with the pheromone mixtures.

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Research supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Operating Grant A3881, A0851, and A3785, and Strategic Grant G0958.

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Pierce, A.M., Pierce, H.D., Oehlschlager, A.C. et al. Influence of pheromone chirality on response byOryzaephilus surinamensis andOryzaephilus mercator (Coleoptera: Cucujidae). J Chem Ecol 13, 1525–1542 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01012295

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01012295

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