The Histochemical Journal

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 419–434 | Cite as

Electron microscopic immunocytochemical localization of intracellular antigens in cultured cells: The EGS and ferritin bridge procedures

  • Mark C. Willingham


A new primary fixative, ethyldimethylaminopropyl carbodi-imide-glutaraldehyde-Tris, has been combined with the use of saponin for membrane permeabilization to yield a procedure which preserves ultrastructural morphology, yet retains a cytoplasmic matrix permeable to globulin molecules. This allows pre-embedding localization of intracellular protein antigens in cultured cells by fluorescence or electron microscopy. A further combination of these methods with the ferratin bridge' technique has allowed discrete localization which is quantifiable. Together, these methods yield an overall technique which provides high quality ultrastructural morphological preservation and precise antigen localization. Examples of the localization of α2-macroglobulin, actin, SV40 T-antigen, tubulin and p60 src are demonstrated. Extension of these methods from cultured cells to intact tissue should be possible without major changes.


Electron Microscopy Ferritin Major Change Membrane Permeabilization Saponin 
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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark C. Willingham
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular BiologyNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA

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