The main results of cloud and rain remote sensing by multichannel microwave radiometry
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The basic results have been considered for multiwave remote sounding of the troposphere with clouds and rain from ground-based station in the zenith direction. The radio wave scattering by rain drops as well as variation of vapour content in the atmosphere during measurements are taken into account when processing of the experimental data. A separation of the complete attenuation in clouds with rain has been made over three components: due to vapour, cloud and rain. A relation is considered of millimeter and centimeter wave attenuation in clouds with rain between each other and with the rain intensity. A behaviour of the relation of attenuation structural functions is explained. The Diagnostic problems of millimeter wave attenuation are considered.
Key wordsmillimeter and centimeter radio wave attenuation in rains, remote sounding separation of radio wave attenuation in rain clouds, radio wave attenuation and the rain intensity structural functions of the rain intensity diagnostics of attenuation in troposphere
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