Journal of Statistical Physics

, Volume 49, Issue 1–2, pp 139–222 | Cite as

Cellular automata and statistical mechanical models

  • Pàl Rujàn
Articles

Abstract

We elaborate on the analogy between the transfer matrix of usual lattice models and the master equation describing the time development of cellular automata. Transient and stationary properties of probabilistic automata are linked to surface and bulk properties, respectively, of restricted statistical mechanical systems. It is demonstrated that methods of statistical physics can be successfully used to describe the dynamic and the stationary behavior of such automata. Some exact results are derived, including duality transformations, exact mappings, “disorder,” and “linear” solutions. Many examples are worked out in detail to demonstrate how to use statistical physics in order to construct cellular automata with desired properties. This approach is considered to be a first step toward the design of fully parallel,probabilistic systems whose computational abilities rely on the cooperative behavior of their components.

Key words

Cellular automata multispin Ising models static and dynamic critical phenomena duality relations exact solutions stochastic processes predictible behavior topological invariants microcanonical simulations 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pàl Rujàn
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Festkörperforschung der Kernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbHJülichFederal Republic of Germany

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