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Superfluidity and superconductivity in the universe

Abstract

The paper aims to elucidate the current status of the problem concerning the existence and observation of superfluid and superconducting states in the universe, that is, under cosmic conditions. Following an introduction, the paper discusses Bose-Einstein condensation, superfluidity, and superconductivity; possibilities for the occurrence of superfluidity and superconductivity under cosmic conditions; superconductivity of dense, degenerate electron plasma (large planets, white dwarfs); superfluidity and superconductivity in neutron stars; and finally superfluidity in a cosmological neutrino “sea.”

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Additional information

The original Russian version of this paper has been submitted toUspekhi fizicheskikh Nauk. It is being published here as a convenience to Dr. Ginzburg's English-speaking colleagues and because of the paper's obvious importance.

It is a pleasure for the author to take this opportunity to thank L. V. Keldysh and D. A. Kirzhnits for discussing a number of points and for their comments upon reading the manuscript.

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Ginzburg, V.L. Superfluidity and superconductivity in the universe. J Stat Phys 1, 3–24 (1969). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01007238

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01007238

Key words

  • Superfluidity
  • Superconductivity
  • Neutron star
  • White dwarf
  • Cosmology