Effective college teaching from the students' and faculty's view: Matched or mismatched priorities?

Abstract

Thirty-one studies were located in each of which students and faculty specified the instructional characteristics they considered particularly important to good teaching and effective instruction. Students and faculty were generally similar, though not identical, in their views, as indicated by an average correlation of +.71 between them in their valuation of various aspects of teaching. In those studies with relevant data, the differences that did exist between the two groups showed a pattern of students placing more importance than faculty on teachers being interesting, having good elocutionary skills, and being available and helpful. Students also emphasized the outcomes of instruction more than faculty did. Faculty placed more importance than did students on teachers being intellectually challenging, motivating students and setting high standards for them, and encouraging self-initiated learning. The results of the present analysis were compared with those of an earlier analysis of the importance of various specific aspects of instruction in terms of their correlations with students' overall evaluations of teachers in actual rating situations.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Abrami, P. C., Leventhal, L., and Perry, R. P. (1982). Educational seduction.Review of Educational Research 52(3): 446–464.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Baril, G. L., and Skaggs, C. T. (1976). Selecting items for a college course evaluation form.College Student Journal 10(2): 183–187.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Baum, P., and Brown, W. W. (1980). Student and faculty perceptions of teaching effectiveness.Research in Higher Education 13(3): 233–242.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Blai, B., Jr. (1974). Viewpoints—to each his own! A parallel-perceptions inquiry. Bryn Mawr, Pa.: Office of Research, Harcum Junior College.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Blazek, H. D. (1974). Student perceptions of college teaching effectiveness. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Northern Illinois University.

  6. Breed, F. S. (1927). Factors contributing to success in college teaching.Journal of Educational Research 16(4): 247–253.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Brewer, R. E., and Brewer, M. B. (1970). Relative importance of ten qualities for college teaching determined by pair comparisons.Journal of Educational Research 63(6): 243–246.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Bridges, C. M., Ware, W. B., Brown, B. B., and Greenwood, G. (1971). Characteristics of best and worst college teachers.Science Education 55(4): 545–553.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Crawford, P. L., and Bradshaw, H. L. (1968). Perception of characteristics of effective university teachers: a scaling analysis.Educational and Psychological Measurement 28(4): 1079–1085.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Crittenden, K. S., and Norr, J. L. (1973). Student values and teacher evaluation: a problem in person perception.Sociometry 36(2): 143–151.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Delaney, E. L., Jr., and Coons, E. E., Jr. (1976). Differing views on the criteria and purposes of student ratings of instruction. Paper read at the annual meeting of the Association for Institutional Research.

  12. Evaluation and Examination Service (1974). Student Perceptions of Teaching (SPOT): 2. Asking the right questions. Research Report No. 76. Iowa City: Evaluation and Examination Service, University of Iowa.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Feldman, K. A. (1976a). Grades and college students' evaluations of their courses and teachers.Research in Higher Education 4(1): 69–111.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Feldman, K. A. (1976b). The superior college teacher from the students' view.Research in Higher Education 5(3): 243–288.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Feldman, K. A. (1977). Consistency and variability among college students in rating their teachers and courses: A review and analysis.Research in Higher Education 6(3): 223–274.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Feldman, K. A. (1978). Course characteristics and college students' ratings of their teachers: what we know and what we don't.Research in Higher Education 9(3): 199–242.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Feldman, K. A. (1979). The significance of circumstances for college students' ratings of their teachers and courses.Research in Higher Education 10(2): 149–172.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Feldman, K. A. (1983). Seniority and experience of college teachers as related to evaluations they receive from students.Research in Higher Education 18(1): 3–124.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Feldman, K. A. (1984). Class size and college students' evaluations of teachers and courses: a closer look.Research in Higher Education 21(1): 45–116.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Feldman, K. A. (1986). The perceived instructional effectiveness of college teachers as related to their personality and attitudinal characteristics: a review and synthesis.Research in Higher Education 24(2): 139–213.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Feldman, K. A. (1987). Research productivity and scholarly accomplishment of college teachers as related to their instructional effectiveness: a review and exploration.Research in Higher Education 26(3): 227–298.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Freilich, M. B. (1983). A student evaluation of teaching techniques.Journal of Chemical Education 60(3): 218–221.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Glass, G. V., McGaw, B., and Smith, M. L. (1981).Meta-Analysis in Social Research. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Hartung, A. B. (1972). Teaching excellence.Improving College and University 20(3): 146–147.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Hussain, K. M., and Leestamper, R. (1968). Survey on criteria of teaching effectiveness at New Mexico State University. Las Cruces: New Mexico State University. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 023 365)

  26. Jenkins, C., Baker, R. Emerson, D., Hagerty, D., and Tune, D. (n.d.). Evaluation of community college instruction: a background study. Freeport, Ill.: Highland Community College.

  27. Krupka, J. G. (1970). Report on faculty and student evaluation of Instructor Rating Questionnaire. Northampton, Pa.: Northampton County Area Community College.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Lovell, G. D., and Haner, C. F. (1955). Forced-choice applied to college faculty rating.Educational and Psychological Measurement 15(3): 291–304.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Mann, R. D., Arnold, S. M., Binder, J. L., Cytrynbaum, S., Newman, B., Ringwald, B. E., Ringwald, J. W., and Rosenwein, R. (1970).The College Classroom: Conflict, Change, and Learning. New York: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Marques, T. E., Lane, D. M. and Dorfman, P. W. (1979). Toward the development of a system for instructional evaluation: Is there consensus regarding what constitutes effective teaching?Journal of Educational Psychology 71(6): 840–849.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Marsh, H. W. (1984). Students' evaluation of university teaching: dimensionality, reliability, validity, potential biases, and utility.Journal of Educational Psychology 76(5): 707–754.

    Google Scholar 

  32. Murray, H. G., Newby, W. G., Crealock, C., Bowden, B., Gailey, T. D., Oswin, J., and Smith, P. (1982). Evaluation of teaching at the University of Western Ontario: Report submitted by Provost's Advisory Committee on Teaching and Learning (July).

  33. Naftulin, D. H., Ware, J. E., Jr., and Donnelly, G. A. (1973). The Doctor Fox lecture: a paradigm of educational seduction.Journal of Medical Education 48(7): 630–635.

    Google Scholar 

  34. Norr, J. L., and Crittenden, K. S. (1975). Evaluating college teaching as leadership.Higher Education 4(3): 335–350.

    Google Scholar 

  35. Odom, C. L. (1943). An objective determination of the qualities of a good college teacher.Peabody Journal of Education 21(3): 109–116.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Permut, S. E. (1973). Cure utilization patterns in student-faculty evaluation.Journal of Psychology 83: 41–48.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Perry, R. R. (1969). Evaluation of teaching behavior seeks to measure effectiveness.College and University Business 47(4): 18, 22.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Romine, S. (1974). Student and faculty perception of an effective university instructional climate.Journal of educational Research 68(4): 139–143.

    Google Scholar 

  39. Romine S., and Newport, D. L. (1973). Defining, assessing, and improving community junior college instructional climate. Boulder, Colo.: Higher education Center, School of Education, University of Colorado.

    Google Scholar 

  40. Rosenthal, R. (1978). Combining results of independent studies.Psychological Bulletin 85(1): 185–193.

    Google Scholar 

  41. Rosenthal, R. (1984).Meta-Analytic Procedures for Social Research. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Rotem, A. (1975). The effects of feedback from students to university professors: an experimental study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Shatz, M. A., and Best, J. B. (1986). Selection of items for course evaluation by faculty and students.Psychological Reports 58: 239–242.

    Google Scholar 

  44. Stevens, G. E. (1978). Teaching by whose objectives? The view of students and teachers. Unpublished manuscript. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 193 580).

  45. Stevens, G. E., and Marquette, R. P. (1979). Differing student and faculty perceptions of teaching effectiveness and the value of student evaluations.POD Quarterly 1(4): 207–219.

    Google Scholar 

  46. Whitley, J. (1982). Students' and teachers' perceptions of good instruction. Unpublished manuscript, Meridian Junior College.

  47. Wittmaier, B. C. (1975). Teaching styles: a comparison of faculty and student preferences.Improving College and University Teaching Yearbook 1975, pp. 249–251. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  48. Wotruba, T. R., and Wright, P. L. (1975). How to develop a teacher-rating instrument: a research approach.Journal of Higher Education 46(6): 653–663.

    Google Scholar 

  49. Yourglich, A. (1955). Study on correlations between college teachers' and students' concepts of “ideal-student” and “ideal-teacher.”Journal of Educational Research 49(1): 59–64.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Feldman, K.A. Effective college teaching from the students' and faculty's view: Matched or mismatched priorities?. Res High Educ 28, 291–329 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01006402

Download citation

Keywords

  • College Teaching
  • Actual Rating
  • Education Research
  • Specific Aspect
  • High Standard