Astrophysics

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 90–115 | Cite as

Formation of spectral lines when there is partial frequency redistribution

  • D. I. Nagirner
Review Article

Keywords

Spectral Line Partial Frequency Frequency Redistribution Partial Frequency Redistribution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    V. V. Sobolev, Transfer of Radiative Energy in the Atmospheres of Stars and Planets [in Russian], Gostekhizdat, Moscow (1956).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. V. Ivanov, Radiative Transfer and the Spectra of Celestial Bodies [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1969).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. I. Nagirner, Itogi Nauki Tekh., VINITI, Astronomiya,22, 220 (1983).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Mihalas, Stellar Atmospheres, San Francisco (1970).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Athay, Radiation Transport in Spectral Lines, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1972).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. G. Hummer and G. B. Rybicki, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys.,9, 237 (1971).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. G. Hummer, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,125, 21 (1962).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. B. Rybicki, in: The Energy Balance and Hydrodynamics of the Solar Chromosphere and Corona, Clermont Ferrand, France (1977), p. 191.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. W. Milkey, in: Interpretation of Atmospheric Structure in the Presence of Inhomogeneities, Univ. Sydney, Australia (1976), p. 55.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. Heinzel, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,25, 483 (1981).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Thomas, Astrophys. J.,125, 260 (1957).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Unno, Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn.,3, 158 (1951).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. B. Field, Astrophys. J.,129, 551 (1959).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. G. Nikogosyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR,235, 786 (1977).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. Van Trigt, Phys. Rev., A13, 734 (1976).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Unno, Astrophys. J.,129, 388 (1959).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. V. Ivanov and A. B. Shneivais, Astrofizika,12, 246 (1976).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. G. Levich, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz.,10, 1293 (1940).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. G. Henyey, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.,26, 50 (1941).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    W. Unno, Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn.,4, 100 (1952).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. V. Sobolev, Vestn. Leningr. Univ., No. 5, 85 (1955).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. G. Nikogosyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk Arm. SSR,68, 176 (1979).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. Heinzel, Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci.,29, 159 (1978).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. G. Kheinlo, Publ. Tartusk. Obs.,41, 101 (1973).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. Rees and A. Reichel, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer8, 1795 (1968).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    P. Heinzel and I. Hubeny, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,30, 77 (1983).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. Adams, D. G. Hummer, and G. B. Rybicki, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,11, 1365 (1971).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Reichel and I. Vardavas, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,15, 929 (1975).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    G. A. Arutyunyan, Soobshch. Byurak. Obs.,52, 137 (1980).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. J. McKenna, Astrophys. J.,242, 283 (1980).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. J. McKenna, Astrophys. Space Sci.,106, 299 (1984).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. Wooley, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,98, 624 (1938).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    R. Wooley and D. Stibbs, The Outer Layers of a Star, Clarendon Press, Oxford (1953).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. M. Basko, Preprint 410 [in Russian], Institute of Cosmic Research, USSR Academy of Sciences (1978).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    A. Omont, E. Smith, and J. Cooper, Astrophys. J.,175, 185 (1972).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    I. Hubeny, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,27, 593 (1982).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    P. Heinzel, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 115.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. Cooper and R. J. Ballagh, Phys. Rev. A,18, 1302 (1978).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    J.-B. Yelnik and D. Vozlamber, Astrophys. J.,230, 184 (1979).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. J. Ballagh and J. Cooper, Astrophys. J.,213, 479 (1977).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    P. Heinzel and I. Hubeny, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,27, 1 (1982).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    H. Zanstra, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,101, 250, 273 (1941).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    H. Zanstra, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,106, 225 (1946).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    F. N. Edmonds (Jr), Astrophys. J.,121, 418 (1955).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    D. G. Hummer, Smithson. Astrophys. Obs. Spec. Rep. No. 174, 143 (1965).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    J. Cooper, Astrophys. J.,228, 339 (1979).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    C. R. Vidal, J. Cooper, and E. W. Smith, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser.,25, 37 (1973).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    K. Burnett, J. Cooper, R. J. Ballagh, and E. W. Smith, Phys. Rev. A22, 2005 (1980).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    K. Burnett and J. Cooper, Phys. Rev. A,22, 2044 (1980).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    J.-B. Yelnik, K. Burnett, J. Cooper, R. J. Ballagh, and D. Voslamber, Astrophys. J.,248, 705 (1981).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    M. Seitz, B. Baschek, and R. Wehrse, Astron. Astrophys.,109, 10 (1982).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    J. Cooper, R. J. Ballagh, and D. G. Hummer, Astrophys. J.,260, 299 (1982).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    M. M. Basko, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz.,75, 1278 (1978).Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    I. Hubeny, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 27.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    T. F. Adams, Astrophys. J.,168, 575 (1971).Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    M. M. Basko, Preprint 152 [in Russian], Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (1979).Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    R. W. Milkey, R. A. Shine, and D. Mihals, Astrophys. J.,199, 718 (1975).Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    J. D. Argyros and D. Mugglestone, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,11, 1621, 1633 (1971).Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    I. Hubeny, J. Oxenius, and E. Simonneau, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.29, 477, 495 (1983).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    C. Magnan, Astron. Astrophys.,142, 117 (1985).Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    C. Magnan, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,15, 979 (1975).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    H. Frisch, Astron. Astrophys.,83, 166 (1980).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    J. P. Harrington, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,162, 43 (1973).Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    W. Unno, Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn.,7, 81 (1955).Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    J. T. Jefferies and O. R. White, Astrophys. J.,132, 767 (1960).Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    F. Kneer, Astrophys. J.,200, 367 (1975).Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    G. B. Scharmer, Astron. Astrophys.,117, 83 (1983).Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    D. Roussel-Dupre, Astrophys. J.,272, 723 (1983).Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    N. A. Yakovkin and M. Yu. Zel'dina, Astron. Zh.,45, 50 (1968).Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    T. R. Ayres, Astrophys. J.,294, 153 (1985).Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    G. Finn, Astrophys. J.,147, 1085 (1967).Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    I. Hubeny and P. Heizel, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,32, 159 (1984).Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    I. Hubeny, Astron. Astrophys.,145, 461 (1985).Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    R. N. Thomas, Some Aspects of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in the Presence of Radiation Field, Univ. Colorado Press, Boulder, Col. (1965).Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    J. W. Warwick, Astrophys. J.,121, 190 (1955).Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    R. Freire Ferrero, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 101.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    J. Oxenius, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,5, 771 (1965).Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    I. Hubeny, Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech.,32, 271 (1981).Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    J. Oxenius, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 73.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    E. Simonneau, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 73.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    R. W. Milkey and D. Mihalas, Sol. Phys.,32, 361 (1973).Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    R. A. Shine, R. W. Milkey, and D. Mihalas, Astrophys. J.,201, 222 (1975).Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    J. N. Heasley and F. Kneer, Astrophys. J.,203, 660 (1976).Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    B. Baschek, D. Mihalas, and J. Oxenius, Astron. Astrophys.,97, 43 (1981).Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    J. Cooper, I. Hubeny, and J. Oxenius, Astron. Astrophys.,127, 224 (1983).Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    D. G. Hummer, in: Formation of Spectral Lines, Smithson. Inst. Astrophys. Obs. Spec. Rep. No. 174 (1965), p. 13.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    R. Steinitz and R. A. Shine, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,162, 197 (1973).Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    N. B. Engibaryan and A. K. Khachatryan, Astrofizika,23, 145 (1985).Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    G. A. Doschek and T. M. Donahue, Astrophys. J.,161, 737 (1970).Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    A. G. Hearn, Proc. Phys. Soc.,84, 11 (1964).Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    V. V. Sobolev, Vestn. Leningr. Univ., No. 11, 99 (1955).Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Yu. Sobouti, Astrophys. J.,153, 257 (1968).Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    N. B. Engibaryan, Astrofizika,7, 573 (1971).Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    N. B. Engibaryan and A. G. Nikogosyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk Arm. SSR,54, 91 (1972).Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    A. G. Nikogosyan and G. A. Arutyunyan, Astrophys. Space Sci.,64, 269 (1979).Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    N. B. Engibaryan and A. G. Nikogosyan, Astrofizika,8, 213 (1972).Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    O. V. Pikichyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk Arm. SSR,67, 151 (1978).Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    O. V. Pikichyan, Soobshch. Byurak. Obs.,52, 148 (1980).Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    O. V. Pikichyan, Astrofizika,14, 169 (1978).Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    D. G. Hummer and G. B. Rybicki, Methods Comput. Phys.,7, 53 (1967).Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    B. Yada and T. Osaki, Publ. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn.,9, 82 (1957).Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    D. G. Hummer, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,145, 95 (1969).Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    R. Wehrse, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 207.Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    N. B. Engibaryan and A. G. Nikogosyan, Astrofizika,8, 71 (1972).Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    N. B. Yengibarian and A. G. Nikoghossian, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer,13, 787 (1973).Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    A. G. Nikososyan and G. A. Arutyunyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR,229, 583 (1976).Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    C. J. Cannon, P. B. Lopert, and C. Magnan, Astron. Astrophys.,42, 347 (1975).Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    L. G. Stenholm and R. Wehrse, Astron. Astrophys.,131, 399 (1984).Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    G. B. Scharmer and M. Carlsson, J. Computational Phys.,59, 56 (1985).Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    R. Milkey and D. Mihalas, Astrophys. J.,185, 709 (1973).Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    R. Milkey, R. Shine, and D. Mihalas, Astrophys. J.,202, 250 (1975).Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    I. Hubeny, Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech.,36, 1 (1985).Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Jong-Sen Lee, Astrophys. J.,192, 465 (1974).Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Jong-Sen Lee, Astrophys. J.,218, 857 (1977).Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Jong-Sen Lee, Astrophys. J.,255, 303 (1982).Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    L. Avery and L. House, Astrophys. J.,152, 493 (1968).Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    J. R. Bonilha, R. L. Ferch, E. E. Salpeter, G. Slater, and P. D. Noerdlinger, Astrophys. J.,233, 649 (1979).Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    L. Auer, Astrophys. J.,153, 783 (1968).Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    J. T. Jeffries and R. N. Thomas, Astrophys. J.,127, 667 (1958).Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    J. D. Argyros, Proc. Astron. Soc. Aust.,1, 389 (1970).Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    M. C. Gevorkyan, N. B. Engibaryan, and A. G. Nikogosyan, Astrofizika,11, 455 (1975).Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    I. Vardavas, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,16, 1 (1976).Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    I. Vardavas, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,16, 715 (1976).Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    I. M. Vardavas and C. I. Cannon, Astron. Astrophys.,53, 107 (1976).Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    R. R. Meier and Jong-Sen Lee, Astrophys. J.,219, 262 (1978).Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    G. A. Arutyunyan and A. G. Nikogosyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR,242, 66 (1978).Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Jong-Sen Lee and R. R. Meier, Astrophys. J.,240, 185 (1980).Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    G. S. Basri, Astrophys. J.,242, 1133 (1980).Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    G. A. Arutyunyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk Arm. SSR,70, 41 (1980).Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    R. R. Meier, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,25, 137 (1981).Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    R. R. Meier and Jong-Sen Lee., Astrophys. J.,250, 376 (1981).Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    A. Peraiah, Kodaikanal Obs. Bull., Ser. A,2, 115 (1978).Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    D. Mohan Rao, K. E. Rangarajan, and A. Peraiah, J. Astrophys. Astron.,5, 169 (1984).Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    M. S. Gevorkyan and A. Kh. Khachatryan, Astrofizika,22, 599 (1985).Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    N. B. Engibaryan and A. G. Nikogosyan, Astrofizika,9, 79 (1973).Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    H. A. Haruthunian and A. G. Nikogossian, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,19, 135 (1978).Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    D. I. Nagirner, Astrofizika,18, 608 (1982).Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    G. R. Gladstone, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,27, 545 (1982).Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    V. V. Ivanov, Bull. Astron. Inst. Neth.,19, 192 (1967).Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    D. I. Nagirner, Vestn. Leningr. Univ., No. 7, 138 (1977).Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    M. G. Payne, J. E. Talmage, G. B. Hurst, and E. B. Wagner, Phys. Rev. A,9, 1050 (1974).Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    J. P. Harrington. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,166, 373 (1974).Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    H. Frisch, Astron. Astrophys.,87, 357 (1980).Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    H. Frisch, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 87.Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    H. Frisch and C. Bardos, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,26, 119 (1981).Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    D. E. Osterbrock, Astrophys. J.,135, 195 (1962).Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    E. R. Capriotti, Astrophys. J.,150, 79 (1967).Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    T. F. Adams, Astrophys. J.,174, 439 (1972).Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    T. F. Adams, Astrophys. J.,201, 350 (1975).Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    D. G. Hummer and P. B. Kunasz, Astrophys. J.,236, 609 (1980).Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    G. Slater, E. E. Salpeter, and I. Wasserman, Astrophys. J.,255, 293 (1982).Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    M. M. Basko, Astrofizika,17, 125 (1981).Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    G. A. Arutyunyan and A. G. Nikogosyan, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR,268, 1342 (1983).Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    R. Freire Ferrero and P. Gouttebrose, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 125.Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    D. G. Hummer, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.,141, 479 (1968).Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    C. J. Cannon and I. M. Vardavas, Astron. Astrophys.,32, 85 (1974).Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    C. J. Cannon, Aust. J. Phys.,25, 177 (1972).Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    I. M. Vardavas, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,14, 909 (1974).Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    C. Magnan, Astron. Astrophys.,35, 233 (1974).Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    D. Mihalas, R. A. Shine, P. B. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Astrophys. J.,205, 492 (1976).Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    W.-R. Hamman and R.-P. Kudritzki, Astron. Astrophys.,54, 525 (1977).Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    I. M. Vardavas, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,16, 781 (1976).Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    I. M. Vardavas, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,16, 901 (1976).Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    C. J. Cannon, Astron. Astrophys.,52, 337 (1976).Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    T. H. Kho and K. K. Sen, Astrophys. Space Sci.,21, 237 (1973).Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    S. J. Wilson and K. K. Sen, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer.,13, 757 (1973).Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    A. Peraiah, Astrophys. Space Sci.,58, 189 (1978).Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    D. Mihalas, P. B. Kunasz, and D. G. Hummer, Astrophys. J.,210, 419 (1976).Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    D. Mihalas, Astrophys. J.,238, 1034 (1980).Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    A. Peraiah, Astrophys. Space Sci.,63, 267 (1979).Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    A. Peraiah, J. Astrophys. Astron.,1, 3 (1980).Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    A. Peraiah and D. Mohan Rao, Astrophys. Space Sci.,80, 437 (1981).Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    A. Peraiah, K. E. Rangarajan, and D. Mohan Rao, J. Astrophys. Astron.,2, 81 (1981).Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    V. P. Grinin, Astrofizika,20, 365 (1984).Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    A. Peraiah, Kodaikanal Obs. Bull., Ser. A,2, 203 (1979).Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    A. Peraiah and K. N. Nagendra, Astrophys. Space Sci.,90, 237 (1983).Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    P. B. Kunasz, Astrophys. J.,276, 677 (1984).Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    N. N. Chugai, Pis'ma Astron. Zh.,6, 166 (1980).Google Scholar
  180. 180.
    S. I. Grachev, Astrofizika,13, 186 (1977).Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    J. L. Linsky, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 1.Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    D. G. Hummer in: Planetary Nebulae, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1983), p. 211.Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    R. Wehrse and A. Peraiah, Astron. Astrophys.,72, 289 (1979).Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    A. Peraiah and R. Wehrse, Astron. Astrophys.,70, 213 (1978).Google Scholar
  185. 185.
    R. L. Weymann and R. E. Williams, Astrophys. J.,157, 1201 (1969).Google Scholar
  186. 186.
    T. Kallman and R. Mc. Cray, Astrophys. J.,242, 615 (1980).Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    R. G. Athay and A. Skumanich, Astrophys. J.,73, S2 (1968).Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    R. W. Milkey and D. Mihalas, Astrophys. J.,192, 769 (1974).Google Scholar
  189. 189.
    R. A. Shine, R. W. Milkey, and D. Mihalas, Astrophys. J.,199, 724 (1975).Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    T. R. Ayres and J. L. Linsky, Astrophys. J.,205, 874 (1976).Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    R. C. Canfield and L. E. Cram, Astrophys. J.,216, 654 (1977).Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    R. J. Rutten, Sol. Phys.,56, 237 (1978).Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    R. J. Rutten and R. W. Milkey, Astrophys. J.,231, 277 (1979).Google Scholar
  194. 194.
    G. S. Basri, J. L. Linsky, J.-D. F. Bartoe, G. Brueckner, and M. E. Van Hoosier, Astrophys. J.,230, 924 (1979).Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    L. E. Cram and I. M. Vardavas, Sol. Phys.,57, 27 (1978).Google Scholar
  196. 196.
    R. W. Milkey, J. N. Heasley, E. J. Schmahl, and O. Engvold, in: Physics of Solar Prominences, Blindern, Oslo (1978), p. 53.Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    M. S. Giampapa, S. P. Worden, and J. L. Linsky, Astrophys. J.,258, 740 (1982).Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    K. Ericsson, J. L. Linsky, and T. Simon, Astrophys. J.,272, 665 (1983).Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    S. A. Drake and J. L. Linsky, Astrophys. J.,273, 299 (1983).Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    I. Hubeny, Astron. Astrophys.,98, 96 (1981).Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    A. Hempe, in: Progress in Stellar Spectral Line Formation Theory, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1985), p. 343.Google Scholar
  202. 202.
    L. Henyey, Astrophys. J.,103, 332 (1946).Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    L. Henyey and W. Grassberger, Astrophys. J.,122, 498 (1955).Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    K.-H. Böhm, in: Stellar Atmospheres (ed. J. L. Greenstein) (Stars and Stellar Systems, Vol. 6), University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1960).Google Scholar
  205. 205.
    L. Wallace, Planet. Space Sci.,19, 377 (1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. I. Nagirner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations