The Histochemical Journal

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 579–590 | Cite as

Studies on the testis of the camel (Camelus dromedarius). III. Histochemical observations

  • D. I. Osman
  • K. A. Moniem
  • M. D. Tingari


The histochemical localization of carbohydrates and lipids and some oxidative, hydrolytic and steroid-linked enzymes has been studied in the testis of the camel with particular reference to the effect of the season on the distribution of these substances. PAS-positive, but diastase-resistant, material was seen mainly in the wall of blood vessels and in the boundary tissues of the seminiferous tubuli recti and rete testis. Clear cyclical changes were seen for glycogen in the lining epithelium of the seminiferous tubules. Glycogen was most abundant in early stages and very scanty or absent in the late stages of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium. Numerous small lipid droplets were seen in the interstitial cells and towards the lumen of the seminiferous tubules that contain elongate spermatids or spermatozoa. Large lipid droplets were also demonstrable in the basal layer of the seminiferous epithelium and in the cytoplasmic debri. Alkaline phosphatase was demonstrated in the boundary tissues of the seminiferous tubules, tubuli recti and reti testis and in the cells bordering the lumen of the seminiferous tubules. Succinate and lactic dehydrogenases showed similar patterns of distribution in the interstitial elements and intratubularly.

Δ5-3α hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase was exclusively demonstrated in the interstitial cells. 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase could not be demonstrated. The season seems to have no effect on the distribution of all these substances. The possible significance of all these findings is discussed.


Lipid Droplet Interstitial Cell Seminiferous Tubule Rete Testis Seminiferous Epithelium 
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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. I. Osman
    • 1
  • K. A. Moniem
    • 1
  • M. D. Tingari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of KhartoumKhartoum NorthSudan

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