Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 367–373 | Cite as

A comparison of skin temperature and EMG training for primary dysmenorrhea

  • Archibald D. Hart
  • Kenneth S. Mathisen
  • Jeffrey S. Prater


Eleven female volunteers completed a 6-month treatment program consisting of a 2-month baseline phase, 2 months of biofeedback training (\(\overline X \) number of sessions=12.9), and 2 months of follow-up data collection. Subjects were assigned to one of two treatment groups: skin temperature training or EMG training of the frontalis muscle. Self-report data were gathered by means of the Symptom Severity Scale. Results, which were analyzed according to a 2×3 (treatment×phase) split-plot factorial design, indicate a highly significant overall treatment effect (F=19.32,p<.001). There was no significant difference between treatments (F=.47) and no significant interaction effect (F=1.74).


Symptom Severity Factorial Design Skin Temperature Significant Interaction Effect Severity Scale 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Archibald D. Hart
    • 1
  • Kenneth S. Mathisen
    • 1
  • Jeffrey S. Prater
    • 1
  1. 1.Fuller Graduate School of PsychologyUSA

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