Neurochemical Research

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 317–320 | Cite as

The effect of caffeine on some mouse brain free amino acid levels

  • Isabel J. Wajda
  • Miriam Banay-Schwartz
  • Abel Lajtha
Original Articles

Abstract

Changes in free amino acids were examined in the central nervous system of mice treated with caffeine for three weeks. Caffeine was administered in the drinking water, and at the end of three weeks the level of caffeine in the cerebral cortex was 113±19 μg/g. When amino acid levels in cerebral hemispheres, midbrain, pons and medulla, and cerebellum were measured a significant increase in glutamine levels was found in all four regions. Glycine, alanine, serine, threonine, and GABA were significantly reduced in some regions. Caffeine appears to alter some of the metabolic or transport processes regulating amino acid pools in the brain. The decrease of GABA found in pons and medulla may contribute to the observed increase in reflex excitability after caffeine.

Key Words

Caffeine amino acids GABA 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel J. Wajda
    • 1
  • Miriam Banay-Schwartz
    • 1
  • Abel Lajtha
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for NeurochemistryThe Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric ResearchNew York

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