Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 161–168 | Cite as

In vivo EMG biofeedback in violin and viola pedagogy

  • William R. LeVine
  • Jeffrey K. Irvine


In vivo EMG biofeedback was found to be an effective pedagogical tool for removing unwanted left-hand tension in nine violin and viola players. Improvement occurred rapidly and persisted throughout a 5-month follow-up period. Further studies will be necessary to assess the effect of biofeedback independent of placebo effects. The brevity of the method and the magnitude of improvement warrant further investigation.

Descriptor Key Words

biofeedback music musician occupational disease muscle retraining 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. LeVine
    • 1
  • Jeffrey K. Irvine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Kansas School of Medicine-WichitaWichita

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