In vivo EMG biofeedback in violin and viola pedagogy
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In vivo EMG biofeedback was found to be an effective pedagogical tool for removing unwanted left-hand tension in nine violin and viola players. Improvement occurred rapidly and persisted throughout a 5-month follow-up period. Further studies will be necessary to assess the effect of biofeedback independent of placebo effects. The brevity of the method and the magnitude of improvement warrant further investigation.
Descriptor Key Wordsbiofeedback music musician occupational disease muscle retraining
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