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Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 75–78 | Cite as

Crosscultural differences in frontalis muscle tension levels: An exploratory study comparing Japanese and Westerners

  • Kikuo Uchiyama
  • Martin Lutterjohann
  • Mumtaz Daniel Shah
Original Articles

Abstract

This paper describes a comparison between Japanese (N=20) and Westerners (N=20) in their respective frontal EMG levels and their ability to relax during one 5-minute biofeedback training session. The data indicated a significantly lower baseline muscle tension level in Japanese than in Westerners. After EMG biofeedback, however, no significant difference was found between the two groups. Japanese females showed significantly higher tension levels both during baseline and biofeedback phases than did Japanese males.

Keywords

Health Psychology Training Session Exploratory Study High Tension Lower Baseline 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Budzynski, T. Biofeedback procedures in the clinic.Seminars in Psychiatry 1973,5 537–547.Google Scholar
  2. Budzynski, T., & Stoyva, J. Biofeedback techniques in behavior therapy. In N. Birbaumer (Ed.),Die Bewältigung der Angst. Beiträge der Neuropsychologie zur Angstforschung, Reihe Fortschritte der Klinischen Psychologie, Bd. 4. Munich, Berlin, Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1973.Google Scholar
  3. Budzynski, T., Stoyva, J., Adler, C., & Mullaney, D. EMG biofeedback and tension headache: A controlled outcome study.Psychosomatic Medicine 1973,35 484–496.Google Scholar
  4. Uchiyama, K., Lutterjohann, M., & Shah, M. D.A comparative study on the effect of biofeedback and progressive relaxation on brief relaxation training. Unpublished manuscript, University of Tsukuba, Japan, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kikuo Uchiyama
    • 1
  • Martin Lutterjohann
    • 1
  • Mumtaz Daniel Shah
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of TsukubaJapan

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