Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 601–617 | Cite as

Self-instructed relaxation: A therapeutic alternative

  • Bryan Hiebert
  • James Cardinal
  • Larry Dumka
  • Ronald W. Marx


A self-instructed relaxation program was compared with therapist-instructed relaxation and waiting list controls. Self-report anxiety measures (IPAT and STAI) and a psychophysiological stress profile (frontal EMG, GSR, heart rate, finger temperature monitored under relaxation and stressor conditions) were utilized pre- and posttreatment to determine efficacy. Self-monitored heart rate, respiration rate, and finger temperature were used to monitor home practice sessions. Subjects reported increased ability to relax and control stress; however, frontal EMG measured under stressor conditions was the only dependent measure to confirm this perception. No between-group differences on any other dependent measures were observed. Reliable changes on all self-monitored home practice measures were observed, suggesting that this procedure is a useful gauge of home practice.

Descriptor Key Words

relaxation stress profile stress control self-instruction 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bryan Hiebert
    • 1
  • James Cardinal
    • 1
  • Larry Dumka
    • 1
  • Ronald W. Marx
    • 1
  1. 1.Instructional Psychology Research Group, Faculty of EducationSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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