Skip to main content

Using biofeedback to reduce left arm extensor EMG of string players during musical performance

Abstract

Electromyographic (EMG) feedback offers a mechanism for helping musicians reduce specific muscle tension during performance. Nine intermediate to advanced level string players participated in a four-session, pretest/posttest design study to determine (1) if left forearm extensor EMG could be reduced using biofeedback, (2) if reductions in EMG would generalize to a no-feedback condition, and (3) if reductions in EMG would generalize from extensors to flexors. Results indicate that biofeedback did facilitate significant decreases in EMG, that the reductions in EMG did generalize to a no-feedback condition, and that generalization from extensors to flexors did not occur.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Autogenic Systems Inc.Instruction manual for the Autogen 1700. Berkeley, California: Author, 1975.

  • Basmajian, J. V.Muscles alive. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1967.

    Google Scholar 

  • Basmajian, J. V. Electromyography comes of age.Science 1972,176 603–609.

    Google Scholar 

  • Basmajian, J. V., & Newton, W. J. Feedback training of parts of buccinator muscle in man.Psychophysiology 1974,11 92.

    Google Scholar 

  • Basmajian, J. V., & White, E. R. Neuromuscular control of trumpeters' lipsNature 1973,241 70.

    Google Scholar 

  • Evoskevich, P. Biofeedback and its use in treatment of musical performance anxiety.Saxophone Symposium 1979,4 31–32.

    Google Scholar 

  • French, S. N. Electromyographic biofeedback for tension control during fine motor skill acquisition.Biofeedback and Self-Regulation 1980,5 221–228.

    Google Scholar 

  • Grossman, W. I., & Weiner, H. Some factors affecting the reliability of surface electromyography.Psychosomatic Medicine 1966,28 78–82.

    Google Scholar 

  • Levee, J. R., Cohen, M. J., & Rickles, W. H. Electromyographic biofeedback for relief of tension in the facial and throat muscles of a woodwind musician.Biofeedback and Self-Regulation 1976,1 113–120.

    Google Scholar 

  • Martens, R. Anxiety and motor behavior: A review.Journal of Motor Behavior 1971,3 151–179.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nideffer, R. M., & Hessler, N. D. Controlling performance anxiety.College Music Symposium 1979,18 146–153.

    Google Scholar 

  • Siegel, S.Nonparametric statistics for the behavioral sciences. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1956.

    Google Scholar 

  • White, E. R., & Basmajian, J. V. Electromyography of lip muscles and their role in trumpet playing.Journal of Applied Physiology 1973,35 892–897.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Morasky, R.L., Reynolds, C. & Clarke, G. Using biofeedback to reduce left arm extensor EMG of string players during musical performance. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation 6, 565–572 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00998740

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00998740

Keywords

  • Health Psychology
  • Muscle Tension
  • Specific Muscle
  • Advanced Level
  • Biological Psychology