Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 241–254 | Cite as

Cephalic vasomotor feedback in the modification of migraine headache

  • Michael Feuerstein
  • Henry E. Adams


The effect of cephalic vasomotor response (CVMR) and frontalis electromyographic (EMG) feedback on control of temporal arterial vasoconstriction and frontalis muscle activity in migraine and muscle contraction headache patients was investigated. A single subject multiple baseline design (across subjects and responses) was introduced to evaluate (1) patterning in the two physiological systems and (2) the effects of CVMR and EMG feedback on headache activity. The data indicated that (a) all four patients demonstrated an ability to control CVMR activity during CVMR feedback and EMG during EMG feedback, (b) idiosyncratic patterns of physiological activity emerge during feedback training, and (c) learned control of the pain mechanism for muscle contraction and migraine headaches was related to reduced frequency and duration of these headaches.


Migraine Muscle Contraction Migraine Headache Physiological System Headache Patient 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Feuerstein
    • 1
  • Henry E. Adams
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GeorgiaUSA

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