Biofeedback and Self-regulation

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 69–89 | Cite as

The effects of frontal EMG biofeedback and progressive relaxation upon hyperactivity and its behavioral concomitants

  • Lendell Williams Braud


Hyperactive children(N=15) and nonhyperactive children(N=15) were compared. Hyperactive children were found to possess significantly higher(p < .002) muscular tension levels and, in addition, presented more behavioral problems and had lower test scores. Both electromyographic(EMG) biofeedback and progressive relaxation exercises were successful in the significant reduction of muscular tension, hyperactivity, distractability, irritability, impulsivity, explosiveness, aggressivity, and emotionality in hyperactive children. The greatest improvement was seen in the area of “emotionality—aggression”(irritability, explosiveness, impulsivity, low frustration tolerance, aggression). No differences were seen in the EMG improvement of drug and nondrug hyperactive children; both made progress under these self-control techniques. However, nondrug children made greater improvements in the behavioral area. Both EMG biofeedback and progressive relaxation resulted in improvements on the test scores of hyperactive subjects(Bender-Gestalt, Visual Sequential Memory, Digit Span, Coding). The therapy would appear to be improved by the inclusion of mental relaxation, concentration, meditation, and mind-blanking exercises for mental control.


Test Score Great Improvement Digit Span Lower Test Biological Psychology 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lendell Williams Braud
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentTexas Southern UniversityHouston

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