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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 299–307 | Cite as

Filamentous nature of pheromone plumes protects integrity of signal from background chemical noise in cabbage looper moth,Trichoplusia ni

  • Yong-Biao Liu
  • Kenneth F. Haynes
Article

Abstract

(Z)-7-Dodecenol failed to interrupt pheromone-mediated anemotactic responses by male cabbage looper moths,Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in a wind tunnel when released 5 cm crosswind on both sides of the pheromone source or 10 cm upwind of the source to create an overlapping plume downwind. Significant inhibitory effects of (Z)-7-dodecenol were observed when released with the six-component pheromone blend from the same septum or abutting septa. These results indicate that (Z)-7-dodecenol needs to be received simultaneously with the pheromone blend to inhibit the anemotactic responses of males to the sex pheromone. We suggest that this feature and the filamentous nature of pheromone plumes render pheromone signals relatively protected from background chemical noise that may originate from pheromone plumes of other insect species. Unless filaments from a pheromone signal and an inhibitor arrive simultaneously, the integrity of the signal is maintained.

Key Words

Trichoplusia ni Lepidoptera Noctuidae sex pheromone inhibitor (Z)-7-dodecenol wind tunnel orientation 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong-Biao Liu
    • 1
  • Kenneth F. Haynes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of KentuckyLexington

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