Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 189–195 | Cite as

Chemically mediated host finding byBiosteres (Opius) longicaudatus, a parasitoid of tephritid fruit fly larvae

  • P. D. Greany
  • J. H. Tumlinson
  • D. L. Chambers
  • G. M. Boush


Host finding by the fruit fly parasitoidBiosteres (Opius)longicaudatus Ashmead was found to involve attraction to fermentation products emanating from rotting fruit, a probable site for location of host larvae. Bioassays conducted in the greenhouse with all saturated 1-, 2-, and 3-carbon primary alcohols, aldehydes, and organic acids indicated that acetaldehyde was the most active agent followed by ethanol and acetic acid. Rotting fruit was attractive irrespective of the presence of host larvae, and attraction was attributed to fungal fermentation products rather than to kairomones from host larvae.

Key words

Host finding Biosteres (Opius) longicaudatus Ashmead ethanol acetaldehyde fungi fermentation Tephritidae parasitoid 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alexopoulos, C.J. 1962. Introductory mycology. John Wiley & Sons, London, 613 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Barnett, H.L., andHunter, B.B. 1972. Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi. Burgess Publ. Co., Minneapolis, 241 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Davis, P.L. 1970. Relation of ethanol content of citrus fruits to maturity and to storage conditions.Proc. Fla. St. Hortic. Soc. 83:294–298.Google Scholar
  4. Dethier, V.G. 1947. Chemical insect attractants and repellents. Blakiston Co., Philadelphia, 289 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Dunegan, J.C. 1953. Brown rot of peach.USDA Yearb. Agric., pp. 684–688.Google Scholar
  6. Eyer, J.R., andMedler, J.T. 1940. Attractiveness to codling moth of substances related to those elaborated by heterofermentative bacteria in baits.J. Econ. Entomol. 3:933–940.Google Scholar
  7. Greany, P.D., Ashley, T.R., Baranowski, R.M., andChambers, D.L. 1976. Rearing and life history studies onBiosteres (Opius)longicaudatus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).Entomophaga 21:207–215.Google Scholar
  8. Kerck, K. 1972. Athylalkohol und Stammkontur als Komponenten der Primaranlockung beiXyloterus domesticus L. (Col.: Scolytidae).Naturwissenschaften 9:1–2.Google Scholar
  9. Nishida, T. 1956. An experimental study of the ovipositional behavior ofOpius fletcheri Silv. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasite of the melon fly.Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc. 16:126–134.Google Scholar
  10. Nishida, T., andNapompeth, B. 1974. Trap for tephritid fruit fly parasites.Entomophaga 19:349–351.Google Scholar
  11. Nordlund, D.A., andLewis, W.J. 1976. Terminology of chemical releasing stimuli in intraspecific and interspecific interactions.J. Chem. Ecol. 2:211–220.Google Scholar
  12. Power, F.B., andChestnut, V.K. 1921. The odorous constituents of peaches.J. Am. Chem. Soc. 43:1725–1738.Google Scholar
  13. Shriner, R.L., Fuson, R.C., andCurtin, D.Y. 1956. The systematic identification of organic compounds, 4th ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 526 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Spradbery, J.P. 1970. Host finding byRhyssa persuasoria (L.), an ichneumonid parasite of siricid woodwasps.Anim. Behav. 18:103–114.Google Scholar
  15. Thorpe, W.H., andCaudle, H.B. 1938. A study of the olfactory responses of insect parasites to the food plant of their host.Parasitologia 30:523–528.Google Scholar
  16. Vinson, S.B. 1975. Biochemical coevolution between parasitoids and their hosts, pp. 14–18,in P.W. Price (ed.). Evolutionary strategies of parasitic insects and mites, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  17. Vinson, S.B. 1976. Host selection by insect parasitoids.Annu. Rev. Entomol. 21:109–133.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. D. Greany
    • 1
  • J. H. Tumlinson
    • 1
  • D. L. Chambers
    • 1
  • G. M. Boush
    • 2
  1. 1.Insect Attractants Behavior and Basic Biology Research Laboratory Agricultural Research ServiceUSDAGainesville
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of WisconsinMadison

Personalised recommendations