Advertisement

Zoomorphologie

, Volume 83, Issue 3, pp 209–226 | Cite as

Retinal adaptations in some Brazilian tide pool fishes (teleostei)

  • H. -J. Wagner
  • N. A. Menezes
  • M. A. Ali
Article

Summary

Retinal adaptations to a tide pool environment in ten species of fishes belonging to as many families were studied. These fishes may be grouped into typical or temporary tide pool inhabitants. The retinal structure of these forms may be grouped into three categories viz. 1. visually dependent (good acuity and sensitivity), 2. specialised for dim environments (high sensitivity at the cost of acuity), and 3. poor visual ability.

Keywords

Developmental Biology Tide Pool Good Acuity Retinal Structure Visual Ability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

In zehn Arten aus ebenso vielen Familien werden Anpassungser-scheinungen der Retinastruktur an ein „tide pool”-Milieu untersucht. Die einzelnen Fische lassen sich einteilen in typische und zeitweilige „tide pool” Bewohner. Nach dem Bau der Netzhaut kann man drei verschiedene Gruppen unterscheiden: 1. über-wiegend visuell orientierte Tiere (gute Sehschärfe, hohe Empfindlichkeit); 2. Tiere mit Anpassung an Dämmerungssehen (hohe Empfindlichkeit auf Kosten der Sehschärfe); 3. Arten mit geringer Sehtüchtigkeit.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ali, M.A.: Correlation of some retinal and morphological measurements from the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Growth27, 57–76 (1963)Google Scholar
  2. Ali, M.A.: Stretching of retina during growth of salmon (Salmo salar). Growth28, 83–89 (1964)Google Scholar
  3. Ali, M.A., Anctil, M., Raymond, N.: La rétine de quelques poissons marins du littoral brésilien. Revista de biologia9, 101–114 (1973)Google Scholar
  4. Ali, M.A., Hanyu, I.: A comparative study of retinal structure in some fishes from moderately deep waters of the Western North Atlantic. Can. J. Zool.41, 225–241 (1963)Google Scholar
  5. Blaxter, J.H.S.: The eyes of larval fish. In: Vision in fishes, M.A. Ali, ed., pp. 427–443. New York: Plenum Press 1975Google Scholar
  6. Engström, K.: Cone types and cone arrangements in teleost retinae. Acta zooL scand. (Stockh.)44, 179–243 (1963)Google Scholar
  7. Locket, N.A.: Some problems of deep-sea fish eyes. In: Vision in fishes, M.A. Ali, ed., pp. 645–655. New York: Plenum Press 1975Google Scholar
  8. Lyall, A.H.: The growth of the trout retina. Q. J. micr. Sci.98, 101–110 (1957)Google Scholar
  9. Nicol, J.A.C.: Studies on the eyes of fishes: Structure and ultrastructure. In: Vision in fishes, M.A. Ali, ed., pp. 570–607. New York: Plenum Press 1975Google Scholar
  10. Richardson, K.C., Jarett, L., Finke, E.H.: Embedding in Epoxy resins for ultrathin sectioning in electron microscopy. Stain Technol.35, 313–323 (1960)Google Scholar
  11. Wagner, H.-J.: Die Entwicklung der Netzhaut vonNannacara anomala (Regan) (Cichlidae, Teleostei) mit besonderer Berücksichtigung regionaler Differenzierungsunterschiede. Z. Morph. Tiere79, 113–131 (1974)Google Scholar
  12. Zyznar, E.S., Ali, M.A.: An interpretative study of the organization of the visual cells and tapetum lucidum ofStizostedion. Can. J. Zool.53, 180–196 (1975)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. -J. Wagner
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • N. A. Menezes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. A. Ali
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Anatomie der UniversitätRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Museu de Zoologia da Università de Sao PauloSao PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Département de BiologieUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada

Personalised recommendations