Research in Higher Education

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 495–517 | Cite as

Comparing introductory course planning among full-time and part-time faculty

  • Malcolm A. Lowther
  • Joan S. Stark
  • Michele L. Genthon
  • Richard J. Bentley
Article

Abstract

Using data from a nationally representative survey of faculty teaching introductory college courses, this exploratory study compares course planning procedures of full-time and part-time faculty teaching courses in eight academic fields. The choice of variables examined was guided by a general model of course design developed from earlier studies of course planning. To control for discipline-related differences in faculty planning assumptions, separate analyses were conducted for the eight fields. No key differences were found between full-time and part-time faculty on the primary factors under investigation: substantive content-related influences on courses, strength of influence within the instructional environment, and planning steps and content arrangements faculty preferred.

Keywords

General Model Separate Analysis Primary Factor Exploratory Study Education Research 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Biles, G. F., and Tuckman, H. P. (1986).Part-Time Faculty Personnel Management Policies. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Bowen, H. R., and Schuster, J. H. (1986).The American Professoriate: A National Resource Imperiled. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Clark, C. M., and Peterson, P. L. (1986). Teachers' thought processes. In M. C. Wittrock (ed.),Handbook of Research on Teaching 3rd ed., pp. 874–905. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Friedlander, J. (1980). Instructional practices of part-time faculty. In M. H. Parsons (ed.),Using Part-Time Faculty Effectively: New Directions for Community Colleges No. 30, pp. 27–36. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  5. Gappa, J. M. (1984).Part-Time Faculty: Higher Education at a Crossroads. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 3. Washington, DC: Association for the Study of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  6. Leslie, D. W., Kellams, S. E., and Gunne, G. M. (1982).Part-Time Faculty in American Higher Education. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  7. Lowther, M. A., and Stark, J. S. (April 1990). Course planning patterns of college teachers. Paper read at the American Educational Research Association. Boston.Google Scholar
  8. Miller, R. J. (1987). The impact of part-time faculty in the learning environment.Journal of Continuing Higher Education 35(2): 5–10.Google Scholar
  9. Mortimer, K. P., Bagshaw, M., and Masland, A. T. (1985).Flexibility in Academic Staffing: Effective Policies and Practices. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 1. Washington, DC: Association for the Study of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  10. National Institute of Education. Study Group on the Conditions of American Higher Education (1984).Involvement in Learning: Realizing the Potential of American Higher Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  11. Parsons, M. E. (ed.) (1980).Using Part-Time Faculty Effectively. New Directions for Community Colleges. No. 30. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  12. Stark, J. S., and Lowther, M. A. (1986).Designing the Learning Plan: A Review of Research and Theory Related to College Curricula. Technical Report 86-C-001. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning.Google Scholar
  13. Stark, J. S., Lowther, M. A., Ryan, M. P., and Genthon, M. (1988). Faculty reflect on course planning.Research in Higher Education 29(3): 219–240.Google Scholar
  14. Stark, J. S., Lowther, M. A., Ryan, M. P., Bomotti, S. S., Genthon, M., Haven, C. L., and Martens, G. (January 1988).Reflections on Course Planning: Faculty and Students Consider Influences and Goals. Ann Arbor, MI: National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  15. Stark, J. S., Lowther, M. A., Bentley, R. J., Ryan, M. P., Genthon, M. L., Martens, G. G., and Wren, P. (March 1989).Planning Introductory College Courses: Influences on Faculty—A Synopsis of Findings. Ann Arbor, MI: National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  16. Stark, J. S., Lowther, M. A., Bentley, R. J., and Martens, G. G. (1990). Disciplinary differences in course planning.Review of Higher Education 13(2): 141–165.Google Scholar
  17. Wallace, M. E. (ed.) (1984).Part-Time Academic Employment in the Humanities. New York: Modern Languages Association.Google Scholar
  18. Warme, B., and Lundy, K. (1988). Erosion of an ideal: The presence of part-time faculty.Studies in Higher Education 13(2): 201–213.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm A. Lowther
    • 1
  • Joan S. Stark
    • 1
  • Michele L. Genthon
    • 1
  • Richard J. Bentley
    • 1
  1. 1.National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and LearningUniversity of MichiganUSA

Personalised recommendations