Research in Higher Education

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 115–128 | Cite as

Taxonomies of higher educational institutions predicted from organizational climate

  • Art Lysons


An important step in the process of organizational research is its classification into meaningful taxonomies (McKelvey, 1975). This article briefly describes the application of Jones and James' (1979) Perceived Climate Questionnaire involving senior-level staff from Australian higher educational institutions. Discriminant analysis using climate factors as the basis for testing hypothesized taxonomies of these organizations, involving leadership, work group, and organizationwide attributes, demonstrates their ability to successfully predict logical groups of organizations in the sample. The results both reinforce the relevance of contemporary management theories and demonstrate the importance of leadership styles in further organizational effectiveness studies in higher education.


High Education Work Group Discriminant Analysis Education Research Climate Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Astin, A. W., and Holland, J. L. (1961). The environmental assessment technique: A way to measure college environments.Journal of Educational Psychology 52: 308–316.Google Scholar
  2. Cameron, K. S. (1978a). Organizational effectiveness: Its measurement and prediction in higher education. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Administrative Science. Yale University.Google Scholar
  3. Cameron, K. S. (1978b). “Measuring organizational effectiveness in institutions of higher education.Administrative Science Quarterly 23: 604–632.Google Scholar
  4. Cameron, K. S. (1981). Domains of organizational effectiveness in colleges and universities.Academy of Management Journal 24(1): 25–47.Google Scholar
  5. Cameron, K. S. (1986). A study of organizational effectiveness and its predictors.Management Science 32: 87–112.Google Scholar
  6. Fiedler, F. E., Chemers, M. M., and Mahar, L. (1977).Improving Leadership Effectiveness: The Leader Match Concept. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  7. Field, R. H. G., and Abelson, M. A. (1982). “Climate: A reconceptualization and proposed model.Human Relations 35(3): 181–201.Google Scholar
  8. Glick, W. H. (1985). Conceptualizing and measuring organizational and psychological climate: Pitfalls in multilevel research.Academy of Management Review 10: 601–616.Google Scholar
  9. Glick, W. H. (1988). “Organizations are not central tendencies: Shadowboxing in the dark, round 2.Academy of Management Review 13(1): 133–137.Google Scholar
  10. Hellriegel, D., and Slocum, J. W. (1974). “Organizational climate: Measures, research and contingencies.Academy of Management Journal 17: 255–280.Google Scholar
  11. House, R. J. (1971). A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness.Administrative Science Quarterly 16: 321–338.Google Scholar
  12. House, R. J., and Mitchell, T. R. (1974). Path-goal theory of leadership.Journal of Contemporary Business 3: 81–99.Google Scholar
  13. James, L. R. (1982). Aggregation bias in estimates of perceptual agreement.Journal of Applied Psychology 67(2): 219–229.Google Scholar
  14. James, L. R., Joyce, W. F., and Slocum, J. R. (1988). Organizations do not cognize.Academy of Management Review 13(1): 129–132.Google Scholar
  15. Johnston, H. R. (1976). A new conceptualization of source of organizational climate.Administrative Science Quarterly 21: 95–103.Google Scholar
  16. Jones, A. P., and James, L. R. (1979). Psychological climate: Dimensions and relationships of individual and aggregated work environment perceptions.Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 23: 201–250.Google Scholar
  17. Lawrence, P., and Lorsch, J. W. (1967).Organization and Environment: Managing Differentiation and Interaction. Boston: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Litwin, G. W., and Stringer, R. A. (1968).Motivation and Organizational Climate. Boston: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Lysons, A. F., and Ryder, P. A. (1988). An empirical test of Cameron's dimensions of effectiveness: Implications for Australian tertiary institutions.Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning 17(3): 323–332.Google Scholar
  20. Lysons, A. F., and Ryder, P. A. (1989). An application of Jones and James' perceived climate questionnaire in Australian higher educational institutions.Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Educational Planning 18: 697–705.Google Scholar
  21. McKelvey, B. (1975). Guidelines for the empirical classification of organizations.Administrative Science Quarterly 20: 509–525.Google Scholar
  22. Mitchell, T. R., Smyser, C. M., and Weed, S. E. (1975). Locus of control: Supervision and work satisfaction.Academy of Management Journal 18: 623–630.Google Scholar
  23. Newman, J. E. (1977). Development of a measure of perceived work environment (PWE).Academy of Management Journal 20: 520–534.Google Scholar
  24. Payne, R. L., and Mansfield, R. M. (1973). Relationships of perceptions of organizational climate to organizational structure, context, and hierarchical position.Administrative Science Quarterly 18: 515–526.Google Scholar
  25. Quinn, R. E., and Cameron, K. S. (1983). Organizational life cycles and shifting criteria of effectiveness: Some preliminary evidence.Management Science 29(1): 33–51.Google Scholar
  26. Quinn, R. E., and Rohrbaugh, J. (1983). A spatial model of effectiveness criteria: Toward a competing values approach to organizational analysis.Management Science 29(3): 363–377.Google Scholar
  27. Vroom, V. H., and Yetton, P. W. (1973).Leadership and Decision Making. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  28. Yuchtman, E., and Seashore, S. E. (1967). A system resource approach of organizational effectiveness.American Sociological Review 32: 891–903.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Art Lysons
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CommerceJames Cook UniversityAustralia

Personalised recommendations