Research in Higher Education

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 202–211 | Cite as

Occupational sex segregation and job satisfaction of women

  • John C. Smart
  • Corinna A. Ethington
AIR Forum Issue

Abstract

The results of this study indicate wide variation in the effect of occupational sex segregation on the job satisfaction of women college graduates employed in public and private organizations. Women employed in sex-balanced and male- and female-dominated occupations in the public sector have comparable levels of job satisfaction. In private firms, however, women college graduates employed in sex-balanced careers are more satisfied with theintrinsic andoverall nature of their jobs than those employed in female-dominated occupations, and those in female-dominated jobs are more satisfied with theextrinsic nature of their careers than women in male-dominated jobs. The implications of these findings for those who conduct research on the career consequences of women employed in sex-dominated career fields and for college officials responsible for the educational and professional development of women college students are discussed.

Keywords

College Student Public Sector Professional Development Education Research College Graduate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Astin, A. W. (1982).Minorities in American Higher Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  2. Bureau of the Census (1980).Detailed Occupation of the Experienced Civilian Labor Force by Sex for the United States and Regions: 1980 and 1970. Washington.Google Scholar
  3. Carnegie Commission on Higher Education (1971).A Typology of Postsecondary Institutions. Berkeley, Calif.Google Scholar
  4. Clowes, D. A., Hinkle, D. E., and Smart, J. C. (1986). Enrollment patterns in postsecondary education, 1961–1982.Journal of Higher Education 57: 121–133.Google Scholar
  5. Collins, M., and Matyas, M. L. (1985). Minority women: Conquering both sexism and racism. In J. B. Kahle (ed.),Women in Science pp. 102–123. London: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
  6. Daymont, T. N., and Andrisani, P. J. (1984). Job preferences, college major, and the gender gap in earnings.Journal of Human Resources 19: 408–428.Google Scholar
  7. Ellis, R. A., and Herrman, M. S. (1983). Three dimensions of occupational choice: A research note on measuring the career intentions of women.Social Forces 61: 893–903.Google Scholar
  8. Ethington, C. A., Smart, J. C., and Pascarella, E. T. (1987). College influences on women's entry into male-dominated occupations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education, San Diego.Google Scholar
  9. Gold, D. B. (1971). Women and volunteerism. In V. Gornick, and B. K. Moran (eds.),Women in Sexist Society. New York: Mentor Books.Google Scholar
  10. Hodson, R. (1984). Corporate structure and job satisfaction.Sociology and Social Research 69: 22–49.Google Scholar
  11. Huitema, B. W. (1980).The Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  12. Jacobs, J. A. (1986). The sex-segregation of fields of study.Journal of Higher Education 57: 134–154.Google Scholar
  13. Kanter, R. M. (1977a).Work and Family in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  14. Kanter, R. M. (1977b).Men and Women of the Corporation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  15. Kirk, R. E. (1982).Experimental Design: Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences 2nd ed. Belmont, Calif.: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  16. Lunneborg, P. W., and Lunneborg, C. E. (1985). Nontraditional and traditional female college graduates.Journal of College Student Personnel 26: 33–36.Google Scholar
  17. Moore, H. A. (1985). Job satisfaction and women's spheres of work.Sex Roles 13: 663–678.Google Scholar
  18. Randour, M. L., Strasburg, G. L., and Lipman-Blumen, J. (1982). Women in higher education.Harvard Educational Review 52: 189–202.Google Scholar
  19. Rhodes, S. R. (1983). Age-related differences in work attitudes and behavior.Psychological Bulletin 93: 328–367.Google Scholar
  20. Sells, L. W. (1980). The mathematics filter and the education of women and minorities. In L. H. Fox, L. Brody, and D. Tobin (eds.),Women and the Mathematical Mystique pp. 66–75. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Wise, L. L. (1985). Project TALENT: Mathematics course participation in the 1960s and its career consequences. In S. F. Chipman, L. R. Brush, and D. M. Wilson (eds.),Women and Mathematics: Balancing the Equation pp. 25–58. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Agathon Press, Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Smart
    • 1
  • Corinna A. Ethington
    • 2
  1. 1.College of EducationVirginia Polytechnic Institute & State UniversityBlacksburg
  2. 2.College of EducationUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations