Research in Higher Education

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 291–303 | Cite as

The relationship between student orientations to college, sat scores, and Rotter I-E scores

  • Carol L. Pemberton


Over 2000 undergraduates for whom SAT scores were available completed the Student Orientations Survey (SOS) and the Rotter I-E Control Scale. F tests showed that high SAT-Verbal scores were associated with an Exploratory orientation to college, and low SAT-Verbal scores with a Preparatory outlook. Low SAT-Math scores were associated with three of the Preparatory scales, but also with three of the Exploratory scales of the SOS. In terms of SOS results, individuals with high-Verbal/low-Math scores tended to have an Exploratory orientation and individuals with low-Verbal/high-Math scores were more Preparatory in their outlook toward college. SAT pattern was not associated with Rotter I-E scores. The relationship between I-E scores and SOS scale scores indicated that “inner control,” as measured by the Rotter scale, does not appear to be synonymous with autonomy and a liking for self-direction. Suggestions for further research into the congruence of students' educational attitudes with institutional philosophies, departmental objectives, and the orientations of instructors were discussed.


Scale Score Education Research Control Scale Preparatory Scale Student Orientation 
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Copyright information

© APS Publications, Inc. 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol L. Pemberton
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Analyst, Academic Planning and EvaluationUniversity of DelawareNewark

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