Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 197–203 | Cite as

Phenomenological methodology in the human sciences

  • Sheree Dukes


The author suggests that phenomenological methodology differs from traditional methodologies both in purpose and procedure. The task of a phenomenological researcher is to “see” the logic or meaning of an experience, for any subject, rather than to discover causal connections or patterns of correlation. The nature of the task demands extensive study of a small sample, allowing the subjects to speak for themselves and to reveal the logic of their experience as lived. The author reviews verification procedures relevant to phenomenological studies and discusses the limitations inherent in phenomenological research.


Extensive Study Causal Connection Human Science Phenomenological Study Phenomenological Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Some particularly interesting studies done at Duquesne University are collected in Giorgi, A.; Fisher, W. F.; and Von Eckartsberg, R., eds.,Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology, vol. 1. Pittsburgh, Duquesne University Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Husserl, E.,Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology, W. R. B. Gibson, trans. New York, Collier Books, 1962.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    One of the best explications of the text can be found in Kohàk, B.,Idea and Experience. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See, for example, Schutz, A.,The Phenomenology of the Social World, G. Walsh and F. Lehnert, trans. Evanston, Illinois, Northwestern University Press, 1967; Gurwitsch, A.,Studies in Phenomenology and Psychology. Evanston, Illinois, Northwestern University Press, 1966; and Merleau-Ponty, M.,Phenomenology of Perception, C. Smith, trans. New York, Humanities Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Husserl,Ideas, op. cit. W. R. B. Gibson, trans., §1–3.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, D. Carr, trans. Evanston, Illinois, Northwestern University Press, 1970, §7.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Husserl,Ideas, Op. cit. W. R. B. Gibson, trans., §2.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Ibid., §31–32.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Minkowski, E., “Findings in a Case of Schizophrenic Depression,” B. Bliss, trans. In May, R.; Angel, E.; and Ellenberger, H. F., eds.,Existence: A New Dimension in Psychiatry and Psychology. New York, Basic Books, 1958.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    Spradley, J. P.,Participant Observation. New York, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1979.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    Ibid, p. 14.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institutes of Religion and Health 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheree Dukes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBoston UniversityUSA

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